ETHICAL ISSUES om.docx - Running head ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 1 Ethical Principles in Counseling Name Institution ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 2 Ethical Principles in

ETHICAL ISSUES om.docx - Running head ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 1...

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Running head: ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 1 Ethical Principles in Counseling Name: Institution:
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ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 2 Ethical Principles in Counseling Introduction There are various ethical codes of conduct that must be adhered to by counseling psychologists in the course of offering services to clients. These ethical principles ensure that professionalism is maintained and that clients are safe. The purpose of this paper is to discuss codes of ethics and principles and their application while offering counseling services. Section 1: Boundary Issues and Dual Relationships Boundaries in relationships can be defined as guidelines or rules that determine the acceptable code of conduct that is expected to ensure a safe and appropriate behavior between two parties in the relationship. As discussed by Vantage Point Recovery (2019), a therapeutic relationship is a close interaction between the psychologist and the client where support and care are given to the client to facilitate recovery through an empathetic and non-judgmental environment. The relationship must evolve from the orientation stage where the counselor and the patient get to know each other and move to the identification phase where the issues to be dealt with are guided by ethical principles and codes of professional conduct to provide therapy. The working phase is where the client and the therapist get comfortable as they focus on attainment of the identified goals within boundaries given by ethical principles (Vantage Point Recovery, 2019). The first area to adhere to boundaries is where the client should provide informed consent with regard to the treatment provided by the counselor. The therapist must provide all relevant facts and details with regard to the therapy to be provided. The second area is to avoid sexual relations with clients. According to the American Psychological Association (2019), the APA code 10.05 states that psychologists should not engage in sexual intimacies with their clients or
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ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 3 relatives and should set professional boundaries. The third area is highlighted by APA ethical code of conduct 10.08 which prohibits engagement in sexual intimacies with former clients for at least two years after the therapy termination and a therapist must prove that there was no coercion or manipulation of the client (Doherty & Purtilo, 2015). There is a need to establish boundaries to avoid getting into an intimate relationship with former clients or significant individuals in their lives. The fourth area is when psychologists act as supervisors or mentors and are required to offer services within the boundaries of their competence as demonstrated by their professional knowledge and training. The American Psychological Association (2019) provides that a therapist can only offer services, conduct research or train others within the boundaries of their professional qualifications. These boundaries are important in service provision to clients.
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