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Running head: ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 1 Ethical Principles in CounselingName:Institution:
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 2Ethical Principles in CounselingIntroductionThere are various ethical codes of conduct that must be adhered to by counselingpsychologists in the course of offering services to clients. These ethical principles ensure thatprofessionalism is maintained and that clients are safe. The purpose of this paper is to discusscodes of ethics and principles and their application while offering counseling services.Section 1:Boundary Issues and Dual RelationshipsBoundaries in relationships can be defined as guidelines or rules that determine theacceptable code of conduct that is expected to ensure a safe and appropriate behavior betweentwo parties in the relationship. As discussed by Vantage Point Recovery (2019), a therapeuticrelationship is a close interaction between the psychologist and the client where support and careare given to the client to facilitate recovery through an empathetic and non-judgmentalenvironment.The relationship must evolve from the orientation stage where the counselor and thepatient get to know each other and move to the identification phase where the issues to be dealtwith are guided by ethical principles and codes of professional conduct to provide therapy. Theworking phase is where the client and the therapist get comfortable as they focus on attainmentof the identified goals within boundaries given by ethical principles (Vantage Point Recovery,2019). The first area to adhere to boundaries is where the client should provide informed consentwith regard to the treatment provided by the counselor. The therapist must provide all relevantfacts and details with regard to the therapy to be provided. The second area is to avoid sexualrelations with clients. According to the American Psychological Association (2019), the APAcode 10.05 states that psychologists should not engage in sexual intimacies with their clients or
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES 3relatives and should set professional boundaries. The third area is highlighted by APA ethicalcode of conduct 10.08 which prohibits engagement in sexual intimacies with former clients for atleast two years after the therapy termination and a therapist must prove that there was nocoercion or manipulation of the client (Doherty & Purtilo, 2015). There is a need to establishboundaries to avoid getting into an intimate relationship with former clients or significantindividuals in their lives. The fourth area is when psychologists act as supervisors or mentors andare required to offer services within the boundaries of their competence as demonstrated by theirprofessional knowledge and training. The American Psychological Association (2019) providesthat a therapist can only offer services, conduct research or train others within the boundaries oftheir professional qualifications. These boundaries are important in service provision to clients.