ISB 208L Animal Cloning

ISB 208L Animal Cloning - Kevin McElmurry A39406939 Animal...

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Kevin McElmurry A39406939 Animal Cloning One of the most fascinating biotechnologies in today’s society is cloning. Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another. This means that every single bit of DNA is the same between the two. There are a couple different ways to clone. The First procedure is Artificial Embryo Twinning which is the relatively low- tech version of cloning. This technology mimics the natural process of creating identical twins. The second way is Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT) which means to isolate a somatic cell from an adult then transfer the nucleus from that cell to an egg cell from which the nucleus had been removed. After a couple of chemical tweaks, the egg cell, with its new nucleus, will behave just like a freshly fertilized zygote. It will develop into an embryo, which then will be implanted into a surrogate mother and carried to term. Cloning has been studied for years but still is nowhere near close enough to perfection. Humans are too dangerous and life threatening to clone. However, cloning has worked well with animals. The first ever cloned animal was a tadpole in 1952. Since then there has been many cloned animals. The most heard of cloned animal was Dolly the sheep because she was the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell, rather than an embryo. Animal cloning has come to be very important in today’s cloning research.
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course ISB 208L taught by Professor Tarrant during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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ISB 208L Animal Cloning - Kevin McElmurry A39406939 Animal...

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