Bipolar disorder.docx - 1 Bipolar Disorder 2 Bipolar...

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1 Bipolar Disorder
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2 Bipolar Disorder a depressive illness also known as manic- depressive disorder is defined as a mental health disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Bipolar disorder meets the criteria for the DSM-V. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is the 2013 update to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder caused by structural and functional changes in the brain or changes in genes as this disorder can be inherited by a parent affect by the illness. More than 10 million Americans suffer with bipolar disorder. Men and women are equally affected by bipolar disorder, as well as all races, ethnic groups, and socioeconomic classes. Bipolar disorder causes extreme mood swings and the may range from manic highs to depressive lows. Bipolar disorder usually cause hazardous behavior and suicidal ideations. There are two known types of Bipolar disorder that are known as Bipolar I, Bipolar Disorder II, and a disorder that have very similar symptoms is known as Cyclothymic Disorder. The onset of Bipolar Disorder can occur at any age but typically, onset occurs around age twenty-five and the youngest occurs around age six. To be diagnosed with any of the above types for bipolar disorder one must have dealt with symptoms including manic episodes, depressive episodes, or numerous hypomanic episodes. Cyclothymic disorder is a mild form of bipolar disorder, in which a person has mood swings over a period of years that go from mild depression to emotional highs.
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3 The symptoms of bipolar disorder can present at different severities and in various combinations in different people, in which there are actually four different conditions related to the disorder. The four different conditions are categorized as the following: Manic episode—abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by increased energy or activity that substantially impairs functioning. Hypomanic episode—similar to a manic episode, however not severe enough to cause serious social or occupational problems. Major depressive episode—persistent depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure.
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