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Running head: POP CULTURE IN THE ARAB WORLD 1 Pop Culture in the Arab World Student’s Name: Institutional Affiliation:
POP CULTURE IN THE ARAB WORLD 2 Pop Culture in the Arab World Introduction The Arab world is an Arab nation in the Middle East, where the predominant language is Arabic and the main religion is Islam. In 2008, some countries in the Arab world such as Qatar infirmaries performed 14,714 deliveries (ELkholi & Hefeda, 2015). At the same time, 9% of overall live deliveries were underweight births and 9.1% were pre-term (ELkholi & Hefeda, 2015). Qatar’s leading health care organization Hamad Medical Corporation claimed that the proportion of low weight births remained almost unchanged since 1990, thus remaining at 8.4 to 9.4% (Kurdi & Hoover, 2010). Consistent with the findings of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF, the prenatal rate of Qatar is somewhat greater than in Japan (7/1000) and the USA (7/1000) (Maroon, 2014). The literature research claims that this rate is the result of Qatar having a greater still birth rate of 8/1000 in comparison to these two nations (Kurdi & Hoover, 2010). Regardless of health improvements and fast economic growth in Qatar, the rate of low weight live birth remains persistent, thus necessitating further analysis. Moreover, there is an agreement between healthcare experts about the literature gap on religious and cultural practices and beliefs that impact healthcare activities of Qatari Arabic women. The understanding of practices and beliefs is instantly required when preparing healthcare facilities. Pop Culture Regarding Social Relations The definition of high and low culture is imperative in discerning the separation between social classes. High culture often relates to the “upper levels of a society’s best accomplishments” in the arts. High art in the Arab world includes poetry, calligraphy, music by classical artists such as Um Kulthum, Abdel Halim Hafez, or Fairuz, as well as Islamic art and
POP CULTURE IN THE ARAB WORLD 3 architecture (Shahrani, 2012). According to author Andrew Hammond, “The Arab world today is for the most part ridden with poverty, illiteracy, and political instability, while immense wealth is enjoyed by a privileged minority” (Hammond, 2007). This privileged minority is comprised of the elitist members of Arab society, giving them the influential voice in government decisions as well as cultural standards. On the other hand, low culture is “a derogatory term for some to describe popular culture.” Examples of low or popular culture in the Arab world include pop music, cartoons, heavy metal, rap or hip hop, along with graffiti and contemporary art (Shahrani, 2012). Many of these forms of art are shared and respected mostly by today’s Arab youth. Hammond’s idea of ageism, however, “runs counter to the needs of the current era when technology and globalization reward innovation, flexibility and dynamism, and it deprives young people in the Arab world of opportunities to participate and contribute in their society’s development” (Hammond, 2007). Popular, contemporary culture should embody the common

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