Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008.docx

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Running head: GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008(GINA) 1 Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA) Name Institution
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GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008 (GINA) 2 Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA) The purpose of GINA GINA provides federal protection from any genetic discrimination in employment and health insurance. Genetic discrimination arises when individuals are treated differently by their insurance company or employer because they possess a genetic change that increases or changes the risk of inherited disorder (Abelson, Ledeen, & Lewis, 2008). It is a federal law formulated to protect people in the US from such kind of discrimination. This law is composed of two sections: Title I that prohibits insurance genetic discrimination, and Title II that prohibits employment genetic discrimination (Abelson, Ledeen, & Lewis, 2008). Title I holds that it is illegal for health insurance provides to require or use genetic information when making decisions concerning an individual’s insurance coverage or eligibility. Title I came into law on May 21, 2009. On the other hand, Title II holds that it is illegal for employers to use an individual’s genetic information in making decisions on matters that concern promotion, hiring, and many other terms of employment (Abelson, Ledeen, & Lewis, 2008). It came into law on November 21, 2009.
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