This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Art 152 14.01.08 Fourteenth Century Art: I taly • Europe was in bad condition – famine, disease (Black Death) depleted labor force, war; by the end of the century, living improved • Power o Germany, Slavia, and Czech Republic – HRE o French Pope (1309) at Avignon; Great Schism between French and Italian popes – the pope had secular power • Rinascimento (“Renaissance” in I talian – “rebirth”) – aka humanism – focus on human beings, natural world as opposed to God, individual could be perfected by education, personal effort, etc., beginning of collections into libraries; Dante, Petrarch, and Boccacio wrote in I talian languages • Religion – new emphasis on piety, personal experience with god; ideals of poverty, charity, love, and preaching the word of god • Florence grows rapidly; banking city, controlled wealth passing through Europe more art patronage, increased freedom; guilds (trade organization) very important in 14 th century, represent a certain trade within a city, most rich and powerful merchants/entrepreneurs in a city, patrons of the arts, exerted quality control of products produced and used apprenticeships to educate; painters were pharmacist guild (grinding paints); left home and paid fee to be an apprentice – more responsibility until “masterpiece”; all guilds had a patron saint (Luke was painting – he “painted an image of the Virgin Mary”); provided social services, took care of sick, religious and civic festivals • Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral (Duomo) plan by Arnolfo di Cambio, 1294, Campanile (bell twoer) by Giotto, Andrewa Pisano and Francesco Talenti,...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course ART 152 taught by Professor Bauer during the Spring '08 term at UNC.
- Spring '08