THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION AND THE U.S. CONSTITUTION DBQ.pdf

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The answer to the essay question is to be written on separate paper. DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION This question is based on the accompanying documents. It is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the purposes of the question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. S AMOSET M IDDLE S CHOOL T HE A RTICLES OF C ONFEDERATION AND THE U.S. C ONSTITUTION DBQ Essay Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use evidence from at least four documents to support your essay. Support your response with relevant facts, examples, and details. Include additional outside information. Historical Context: The Articles of Confederation, which were ratified in 1781, provided the first form of a national government in the United States. In 1787, a convention was called to revise the Articles. The convention developed an en- tirely new form of government as outlined in the Constitution, which sought to address the weaknesses of the Articles. The Preamble of the Constitution states the following goals for the new system of government: "in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity." Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of social studies, write an essay in which you: Discuss the two most important problems which made the Articles of Confederation a poor form of government. Discuss how the two main constitutional compromises dealt with the various sectional differences between the states. Explain two differences between the Federalists and Antifederalists in their views about the new Constitution.
Part A Short-Answer Questions Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the space provided. Document 1 …We are fast verging to anarchy and confusion! How melancholy [sad] is the reflection, that in so short a space, we should have made such large strides towards fulfilling the prediction of our transatlantic foe [enemy]! "leave them to themselves, and their government will soon dissolve." Will not the wise and good strive hard to avert [prevent] this evil?...What stronger evidence can be given of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders [Shays’ Rebellion]? If there exists not a power to check them, what security has a man for life, liberty, or property?

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