HIST 2112E Unit 1 Notes.docx - HIST 2112E Unit 1 Notes Intro Video Notes Reconstruction is the period right after the civil war Two more important

HIST 2112E Unit 1 Notes.docx - HIST 2112E Unit 1 Notes...

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HIST 2112E Unit 1 Notes Intro Video Notes Reconstruction is the period right after the civil war Two more important: preservation of American union and the destruction of slavery. What was going to be the status of the 4 million emancipated slaves? Civil war answered the question. We are still living with the consequences, aka immigration question that we are living with today Why is the child of an illegal immigrant a citizen of the U.S.? We have birth right citizenship which came from the civil war The struggle to abolish slavery and the status of freed slaves led to the incorporation of birth right citizenship into laws and constitution and 14 th amendment US History pages 451 – 463, 465 – 475 Reconstruction was when the effort to remake the South faltered and ultimately failed. The Ku Klux Klan emerged as a terrorist organization that aimed to maintain pre-Civil War society in which whites held complete power The South suffered great losses during the Civil War so they were reduced to political dependence and economic destitution (poverty). This led to southern whites contesting Union efforts to transform the South’s radical, economic, and social landscape The end of the Civil War saw the beginning of the Reconstructiion era, when former rebel Southern states were integrated back into the Union. President Lincoln wanted to achieve the war’s ultimate goal: reunify the country. Lincoln made a plan to have the states rejoin the union but people said he was too lenient. The greatest flaw of Lincoln’s plan was that it appeared to forgive traitors instead of guaranteeing civil rights to former slaves . Lincoln oversaw the passage of the 13 Amendment abolishing slavery, but he didn’t live to see its ratification The President’s Plan Lincoln’s goal was to bring the southern states back into the union. He began the process of reunification in 1863 by unveiling a three-part proposal known as the ten percent plan that outlines how the states would return . The ten percent plan gave a general pardon to all Southerners except high-ranking Confederate government and military leaders. It required 10 percent of the 1860 voting population in the former rebel states to take a binding oath of future allegiance to the U.S. and the emancipation of slaves, and said once they took those oaths, the restored Confederate states would draft new state constitutions Lincoln hoped that the leniency of the plan would bring back the state quick and make emancipation more acceptable everywhere (even though 90 percent of the voters didn’t swear allegiance). The ten percent plan got backlash from the Republicans of Congress, known as Radical Republicans , who wanted to remake the South and punish the rebels . Radical Republicans insisted on harsh terms for the defeated Confederacy and protection for former slaves
Two Radical Republications, Wade and Davis, made the Wade-Davis Bill that called for a majority of voters and government officials in Confederate states to

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