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HIST 2112E Unit 1 NotesIntro Video NotesReconstruction is the period right after the civil warTwo more important: preservation of American union and the destruction of slavery. What was going to be the status of the 4 million emancipated slaves? Civil war answeredthe question. We are still living with the consequences, aka immigration question that we are living with todayWhy is the child of an illegal immigrant a citizen of the U.S.? We have birth right citizenship which came from the civil warThe struggle to abolish slavery and the status of freed slaves led to the incorporation of birth right citizenship into laws and constitution and 14thamendmentUS Historypages 451 – 463, 465 – 475Reconstruction was when the effort to remake the South faltered and ultimately failed. The Ku Klux Klan emerged as a terrorist organization that aimed to maintain pre-Civil War society in which whites held complete powerThe South suffered great losses during the Civil War so they were reduced to political dependence and economic destitution (poverty). This led to southern whites contesting Union efforts to transform the South’s radical, economic, and social landscapeThe end of the Civil War saw the beginning of the Reconstructiionera, when former rebel Southern states were integrated back into the Union. President Lincoln wanted to achieve the war’s ultimate goal: reunify the country. Lincoln made a plan to have the states rejoin the union but people said he was too lenient. The greatest flaw of Lincoln’s plan was that it appeared to forgive traitors instead of guaranteeing civil rights to formerslaves. Lincoln oversaw the passage of the 13Amendment abolishing slavery, but he didn’t live to see its ratificationThe President’s PlanLincoln’s goal was to bring the southern states back into the union. He began the process of reunification in 1863 by unveiling a three-part proposal known as the ten percent planthat outlines how the states would return. The ten percent plan gave a general pardon to all Southerners except high-ranking Confederate government and military leaders. It required 10 percent of the 1860 voting population in the former rebel states to take a binding oath of future allegiance to the U.S. and the emancipation of slaves, and said once they took those oaths, the restored Confederate states would draft new state constitutionsLincoln hoped that the leniency of the plan would bring back the state quick and make emancipation more acceptable everywhere (even though 90 percent of thevoters didn’t swear allegiance). The ten percent plan got backlash from the Republicans of Congress, known as Radical Republicans, who wanted to remake the South and punish the rebels. Radical Republicans insisted on harsh terms for the defeated Confederacy and protection for former slaves
Two Radical Republications, Wade and Davis, made the Wade-Davis Bill that called for a majority of voters and government officials in Confederate states to