DBQ #1.docx - During the 18th century the American independence movement was determined to separate from the clutches of Britain to form a

DBQ #1.docx - During the 18th century the American...

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During the 18th century, the American independence movement was determined to separate from the clutches of Britain to form a representative government. Both The Enlightenment and The Great Awakening greatly shape the colonial idea of republicanism. The Great Awakening helped shape the ideals of republicanism through religious beliefs, focusing on greater religious freedom and diversity while The Enlightenment introduced ambiguous ideas for all to adhere to. Despite their similarities The Enlightenment ideas of independence, diversity of thought, and theideals of equality, laid the foundation of republicanism and had a greater impact on the development of Republican ideals.Although the religious revival of The Great Awakening strengthened preexisting Enlightenment ideals, The Enlightenment laid down the foundation for classical republicanism. One of the mostprominent factors of republicanism was the right to self-govern. The idea of self/representative government was prominent view in The Enlightenment movement. The Enlightenment declared that all men were equal and no one person had a divine right to rule. The ideals deemed that people should work as a collective towards the advancement of society. Montesquieu supports Enlightenment ideals, tying it to republicanism by stating that the desire to achieve the societal advancement rather than fulfill personal desires is at the heart of republicanism (Doc 2).
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