Parkinsons disease - Final Paper 3.docx - Running head...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 21 pages.

Running head: PARKINSON’S DISEASE 1Parkinson’s diseaseStudent NameProfessor’s NameInstitutional Affiliation
PARKINSON’S DISEASE 2AbstractPD (Parkinson’s disease) is a disorder of the central nervous system that is degenerativeand in most cases affect motor system. Non-motor signs and symptoms are common as thisdisease worsen. Signs and symptoms of this disease come gradually over time. At the earlystages, symptoms include rigidity, shaking, slow movements as well as walking difficulties.Behavior and thinking problems may occur too. In advanced stages of PD, the patient commonlyexperience dementia. Anxiety as well as depression is also very common. Other symptoms ofthis disease include emotional, sleep and sensory problems. Symptoms of the main motor areknown as Parkinsonism (parkinsonian syndrome). This paper presents the research of Parkinson'sdisease with the specific address of the epidemiology, etiology, biological factors, treatment,sociology and psychology of the disease. Analyzed studies have provided up to date informationon the above listed several aspects of the disease with a considerable focus on the complexneurodegeneration mechanism of the condition. Analyzed studies have provided systematicuniform information regarding the diseases and its connection to the quality of life of thepatients. The quality of life of the patients has also been linked to the quality of life of caregiverwhere quality reflects the results of caregiving. The link between the qualities of care suggeststhat PD patients will respond to coping mechanisms according to the care they are receiving.Adequate care suggests positive response; hence the improved quality of life and inadequate caresuggest a negative response to a coping mechanism hence compromised the quality of life.Keywords:Parkinson disease, neurodegeration mechanism, dementia
PARKINSON’S DISEASE 3Table of ContentsAbstract............................................................................................................................................2Parkinson’s disease..........................................................................................................................4Introduction....................................................................................................................................4The Epidemiology and Biology of Parkinson’s disease..............................................................4Pathology........................................................................................................................................9Etiology.........................................................................................................................................10Signs and Symptoms....................................................................................................................12Psychological Mechanism of PD.................................................................................................13Psychological Intervention..........................................................................................................16Sociology of Parkinson’s disease................................................................................................17Conclusion....................................................................................................................................19References......................................................................................................................................20List of TablesTable 1: The 2018 Projected prevalence of Parkinson’s by age and region (Parkinsons UK,2018)................................................................................................................................................7Table 2: The 2018 estimated incident rate of Parkinson’s disease by age and region (ParkinsonsUK, 2018)........................................................................................................................................8Table 3: Predicted PD in the UK for the year 2020 from 2009 (Parkinsons UK, 2018).................8List of FiguresFigure 1: Regional prevalence of PD (Statista, 2018).....................................................................5Figure 2: Prevalence of PD in European Countries comparison (Parkinsons UK, 2018)..............6Figure 3: Initial diagnosis for PD (Source Noyce, Lees, & Schrag, 2016)...................................15
PARKINSON’S DISEASE 4Parkinson’s diseaseIntroductionAs a neurodegenerative disorder, Parkinson's disease (PD) causes a variety of motor(tremor, rigidity, and slowed movement) and non-motor (cognitive; mood disorders, body pains,and disturbed sleep) symptoms and commonly patent in people above 60 years (Bonifati, 2014).

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture