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09.05 bible - The Pentateuch introduction to scholarship...

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The Pentateuch: introduction to scholarship Pre-modern scholarship o The TANAK in Judaism – Judaism was the first written text The importance of Scripture o Sacrifice o Prayer o 66 c.e. – 70 c.e. : Romans burned Temple – Judaism no longer sacrificial; rather, ancient traditions. Written word is important o C. 150 c.e. people decided which books were in TANAK o Never a return to sacrifice, temple; Canon Occasional critical observations o What Moses (c. 1250 B.C.E.) could not have written Deut. 34 – Moses died and was buried, no one knows where he’s buried o What Moses would not have written Nu. 12:3 – Moses was the most humble person ever o The Pentateuch doesn’t claim to be written by Moses – Originated with Christians o The Old Testament in Christianity Early Christological interpretations Christianity - Life and teachings of Jesus (Messiah); Jews – Jesus is not Messiah C – Jesus predicted by Prophets; Jews – not (passages of Hebrew Bible) o Isaiah 53 o Psalm 22 o
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