Gender pay gap, is it bias or the college major determines future payment.docx

Gender pay gap, is it bias or the college major determines future payment.docx

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Gender pay gap, is it bias or the college major determines future payment 1. The influence of college major on payment There have always been wage gaps between men and women. Many people argue that this phenomenon is mainly caused by gender bias. This assumption, however, does not take into account the variable that men and women are often working in distinct fields. According to Bardaro (2009), the wage gap between men and women is 94% in 2009, among which 77% is caused by the difference in fields that men and women commonly work in. Through controlling the variable, this essay is aimed at determining whether the gender gap in future payment is generated by gender bias or college major. 1.1 Common college majors by gender Although some college majors are popular for both the male and the female students, there are some majors overwhelmingly dominated by one gender or the other. Figure 1 shows the top 19 subjects that most of the female students tend to take in college. As a female-dominated major, up to 87% of the nursing graduates are women. In 2016, over 120 thousand female students left college with a bachelor’s degree in nursing in the United States. Figure 2 shows the median salary of the most popular majors for the female employees. Political Science and Government with the best payment potential is 46% female-dominated and provides the employees with a median salary of $62,600. Besides, the average wage for the top 19 most popular majors for the female is calculated to be $52,800.
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Figure 1. The 19 most popular majors for the female college students (CollegeFactual and CollegeFactual, 2018). Figure 2. Median salary of the 19 most preferred majors for the female students (CollegeFactual and CollegeFactual, 2018). Figure 3 shows the top 20 most popular majors for the male college students. As the number of female college students is larger than that of the male, the most preferred majors for men which have been listed below are not necessarily male-dominated. Comparing Fig. 3 with Fig. 1, some overlap in the major selection can be found in subjects such as business administration & management, biology, general psychology and nursing.
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Figure 3. The 20 most popular majors for the male college students (CollegeFactual and CollegeFactual, 2018). Figure 4. Median salary of the 20 most preferred majors for the male graduates (CollegeFactual and CollegeFactual, 2018). Figure 4 shows the median salary of the most popular subjects for the male students. In spite of the overlap mentioned above, it is obvious that the average income of the most preferred majors for men is higher than that for women. This gap might be
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caused by the presence of more math and science intensive majors chosen by the male graduates. The median wage for the top 20 most preferred majors for the male students is $62,060, about 17.5% higher than that for the female graduates ($52,800).
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  • Three '17
  • Bouanar Jack
  • Bardaro

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