Chest trauma and thoracic injuries Megan, Whitney, Takina, Natalie Adult Nursing 1 Dr. Bell
Risk Factors Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of chest trauma and thoracic injuries. Statistics suggest as much as 80% Not wearing 3-point restraints or not wearing them properly, significantly increase the likelihood of trauma occurring Improper usage of child restraint systems in vehicles Falling shortly behind MVAs are workplace and domestic accidents Mortality rates are increased greatly: after age 65, multiple rib fractures, presence of pre-existing diseases/disorders and pneumonia Anatomy/ Physiology & Pathophysiology Chest trauma and thoracic injuries Traumatic injuries to chest contribute to 75% of all traumatic deaths. They range from simple rib fracturess to complex life threatening rupture of organs. The mechanisms of injuries causing chest trauma are separated into two categories: blunt trauma and penetrating trauma Blunt trauma: occurs when the chest strikes or is struck by an object. The impact can cause deceleration, acceleration, shearing, and compression of thoracic structures. The external injury may appear minor, but internally the organs may have severe injuries. Examples of blunt trauma: motor vehicle accidents, pedestrian accident, fall, assault with blunt object, crush injury, explosion The injuries can occur on the same side as the impact and on the opposite side as the tissues move back and forth. Penetrating trauma: an open injury in which a foreign body strikes or passes through the body tissues, creating an open wound.
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- Spring '18
- Pneumothorax, Pulmonary contusion, Physical trauma, Penetrating trauma, Chest trauma