Community Health and Population.docx - Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Field Experience Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing

Community Health and Population.docx - Community Health and...

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Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Field Experience Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Field Experience: Nutrition and Obesity C229 Melinda Byrd, RN WGU 07/04/2018
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Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Field Experience The bulk of my research was focused on Florence county an area located in North East South Carolina. As of 2010 the population of Florence county was 136,885.[www17] The county has an area of 804 square miles. The racial breakdown of this county is 58.65% white, 39.34% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.02% Pacific islander, and 0.68% two or more races. 33.80% of households have children 18 or under living with them and a median income of $32,254. There are approximately 62,190 females and 74,695 males. The poverty rate in Florence county is 35.87% and the unemployment rate is 9.7%. [www17] Florence county is a warm and green area with high humidity in the spring and summer and temperatures during summer is around 97 degrees. The winters in this area are very mild with little to no snowfall or accumulation. As I drove through the county the disparity amongst the neighborhood is vast with one neighborhood being clean and well maintained and two streets over are dilapidated homes and streets with trash overflow. Within a few blocks I encountered areas with local parks where people can be seen playing on the equipment, walking, and using the tennis courts. Then there were parking lots with broken bottles and babies in diapers on the clutter front porches of the less affluent area. B. A very serious issue facing not only Florence county, but also the rest of the country that is discussed in Healthy People 2020 is the topic of Nutrition and Weight Status.[www15] The issue of obesity has steadily grown over the years and is now a national epidemic. According to the World Health Organization, since the year 1980 the obesity rate has nearly doubled.[Wor13] Over 41 million children are estimated to be overweight or obese in 2014. [www15]This sharp rise in obesity is directly linked to American’s poor dietary decisions and lack of physical activity. Obesity is one disease that is entirely preventable. Obesity can lead to many other
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Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Field Experience serious diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. The goal of Healthy People 2020 related to obesity is to improve health and reduce disease and disease processes by implementing healthful diets and achieving/maintaining a healthy body weight. [www15]I chose obesity as my topic of interest because it is such a huge issue and it leads to so many health care issues and complications. My target age group of the population will be children ages 2-18. I plan to collect and analyze data from both male and female children of various races, social status, and economic classes. I shall utilize specific data when I feel it best supports my research.
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