final paper hca415.docx - 1 Margaret Higgins Sanger Jasmine...

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1 Margaret Higgins Sanger Jasmine Speaks-Young Instructor: Kristin Akerele Course: Community and Public Health Final Paper January 28, 2019
2 Margaret Higgins Sanger Margaret Higgins Sanger was born 1879 in Corning, NY. She was the 6 th child out of eleven in her household. She moved out and married an architect in 1902 named William Sanger. They had three children together before separating in 1912 when she moved to New York. This is where she became a member of the women’s labor movement and Socialist Party. She thought that child bearing was the key to controlling and freeing women. She realized that many women were un educated on contraceptive and even wrote an article in the newspaper about her firsthand experience as a nurse. She later wrote more articles, published a pamphlet in 1914. “she coined the term "birth control" and called for legalization of contraception; indicted for violating postal laws, she fled to Canada and then England (1914), where she was influenced by sex reformer Havelock Ellis to tone down her radical tactics. After her return (1915), the government dropped its charges and she began lecturing widely, also founding the Birth Control Review (1916), which she edited until 1928. She and her sister served 30 days in prison for opening a birth control clinic in Brooklyn (1916), but an appeal judge's decision allowed for doctors to provide birth control information to married women.” (Bowman, 2001) The Birth Control Research Bureau helped fund her husband J. Noah Slee to be the first doctor-staffed clinic in the United States. By 1921 she then founded the American Birth Control League, she later had to resign from its presidency in 1928 after being accused of some unsavory tactics. However, this ended up merging with her Clinic Research Bureau into Planned Parenthood in 1942. She helped Katharine Dexter McCormick fund the development of birth control pill. However, after reading many of her writings it was found that she strongly pursued and endorsed birth control as a means to “maintain the position of the white race”. Margaret Higgins Sanger helped protect women’s reproduction and made childbearing a choice. (Bowman, 2001) “Throughout the better part of the twentieth century Sanger faced public outcry
3 Margaret Higgins Sanger and even arrest in her campaign to make contraceptives known and legal for women around the world.” (Katzive, 2015) In 1917, Margaret Sanger published the magazine Birth Control Review, this was a main voice for 24 years about women’s reproductive rights. The magazine highlighted legalization of birth control, reproductive rights, and the protection of womanhood. During that time period when the magazine was published it was almost impossible for many women; especially poor women to get information on birth control or devices. She developed this magazine because of the censorship law placed in 1873 that made it illegal to send contraceptive information through the mail. Sanger and her supports were determined to repeal this law. “In the inaugural edition of the Review

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