Religion 103 Class Notes

Religion 103 Class - Religion 103 Class Notes Lecture 1 The Hebrew Bible An Introduction I Why study the HB a Religious Reasons some people use it

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Religion 103 Class Notes August 27, 2007 Lecture 1 The Hebrew Bible: An Introduction I. Why study the HB? a. Religious Reasons: some people use it as a justification of their actions. b. Literary Reasons: are bases for literature of our civilization c. Historical Reasons: root of our civilization II. Problems with studying the Hebrew Bible: 1) Text- we don’t have the original text. It has been altered. Copies of Copies. Changed in 1947 with the findings of the Dead Sea scrolls which date to around the time of Jesus. They have fragments of every book in the old testament except Esther (coincidence that Esther is the only book that doesn’t mention GOD) Scribes might have changed things. 2) The Canon- means “a straight edge.” It is any authoritative collection of books. The question is who decides which books go into the bible? The bible tells many different stories with different points of view. 3) Size of the Corpus- Bigger than the New Testament 4) Age of the Writings- there is a big time span 5) Language- original language is Hebrew. Something is always lost in translation. 6) Genres- broad range of the kinds of literature found in HB. (Myths, legends, folklore, legal codes, songs, poems.) 7) Context & World View- must understand writing in its specific context. You change the context and you change the meaning. (Example: I love you, can be used in many different contexts) 8) Internal tensions- Different accounts of the Bible (Example: did the flood last 40 days of 150 days?) 9) Archaeology & External tensions- are there facts to back things up? There is not one piece of evidence to support the Egyptians died in the Red Sea. 10)Conclusions- a. Literary: read each author in their context b. Historical: what really happened? III. Layout of the HB: a. English Version i. Historical Books (17 Books) 1. The Pentateuch (5 Books) Genesis to the death of Moses 1
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2. The History of Israel (12 Books) Death of Moses to kingdom of Judea is destroyed ii. Poetic Books (5 books) Job- Song of Solomon iii. Prophetic Books (17 Books) 1. Major Prophets: (5 Books) Isaiah Jeremiah, Lamicah, Ezekial, Daniel 2. Minor Prophets: (12 Books) b. Hebrew Version (The TANAK) i. Torah ( 5 Books) ii. Nebiim (8 Books) 1. Former prophets 2. Latter prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, the 12 iii. Kethubiim ( 11 Books) Total = 24 books IV. Our Approach a. Problem: People see things as they want to see them (argument for slavery) b. Solution: Approach things with an open mind. Look at the evidence August 29, 2007 Lecture 2 The Pentateuch Take Lecture notes, and read the chapters. Anchor Bible Dictionary. Look at Blackboard. I. Definitions and Overview a. Tanak: term used for the Hebrew Bible: the Torah (5 books), Nebeiium (Prophets), the Kethubiim b. Torah: first 5 books, the word itself is translated into “law.” Really it means “instruction” or “guidance.” These are the books in which God gives his instructions to his people in Israel. This is why they are called the Torah. This is more than just the 10 commandments.
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course RELI 103 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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Religion 103 Class - Religion 103 Class Notes Lecture 1 The Hebrew Bible An Introduction I Why study the HB a Religious Reasons some people use it

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