Quiz-9.pdf - Ques!on 2 1 1 point What guidance does Harvard's Healthy Ea!ng Plate o\ufb00er to the public with respect to dietary choices Select all that

Quiz-9.pdf - Ques!on 2 1 1 point What guidance does...

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Unformatted text preview: Ques!on 2 1 / 1 point What guidance does Harvard's Healthy Ea!ng Plate offer to the public with respect to dietary choices? Select all that apply. Guidelines for weight loss and how to develop a healthy rela!onship with food. Approximate por!on sizes for a meal that do not focus on coun!ng calories. Sugges!ons for choosing foods that have a higher nutri!onal quality. A prescribed number of calories to consume per day based on age, gender and body size. Ques!on 3 1 / 1 point What informa!on does the new Brazilian food guide offer to the public? Please choose one of the following op!ons. Strict caloric consump!on rules that are tailored to an individual’s ac!vity level. Sugges!ons on how to develop a healthy rela!onship with food. Serving size recommenda!ons that uses a person's hand (palm) as a size reference. A food plate that takes many of its key points from the United States ChooseMyPlate food guide. Ques!on 4 1 / 1 point Which of the following meals best follows Harvard's Healthy Ea!ng Plate guidelines? Curried tofu cooked with canola oil and fresh spices served with brown rice Green salad made from spinach and romaine le#uce with a balsamic vinegar and olive oil dressing A fruit salad made from green apples and grapefruit BBQ Steak Baked potato with bu#er and sour cream Boiled carrots with bu#er White bread roll with bu#er Brie (cheese) with mul!grain bague#e 2 glasses of red wine Caesar salad with creamy dressing, pieces of bacon and croutons Grilled Chicken Fe#uccini pasta (regular) with cream based sauce and mushrooms Ques!on 5 1 / 1 point Which one of the following scenarios adheres to the Brazilian food guide? Jim prepares roast beef sandwiches for his family which they then eat while watching T.V. Madison gets a salad to go in the ready to eat sec!on at the grocery store. She eats it while answering emails on her phone. Jacob shows his daughter how to cook a roast chicken with peas and carrots. They then sit down and enjoy the food together. Ques!on 6 1 / 1 point What informa!on, o$en included on other food guides (like Canada's) is not included in Brazil and Harvard's guidelines? A holis!c approach to nutri!on which includes mindful ea!ng Daily servings and serving size recommenda!ons for each food group The importance of drinking enough water throughout the day Limi!ng high glycemic white grains and op!ng for whole grain products View Feedback Part 2 Ques!on 7 1 / 1 point Which of the following are considered an!-carcinogenic? (Select all that apply) Resveratrol Acrylamide Furfural Lignans Indol-3-carbanol Ques!on 8 1 / 1 point How does beta-glucan lower cholesterol? a) By biochemically signalling the liver to reduce its cholesterol synthesis b) By preven!ng dietary cholesterol from being absorbed into the blood stream c) By binding and excre!ng bile acids secreted in the diges!ve tract d) By increasing the produc!on of HDL lipoproteins in the liver View Feedback Ques!on 9 1 / 1 point What is the name of the disease characterized by plaque building up in the arteries increasing a persons risk of experiencing a heart a#ack? a) Arteriosclerosis b) Atherosclerosis c) Hypertension d) Familial hyperlipidemia Ques!on 10 1 / 1 point Angela recently had blood work to assess her risk of heart disease. The results showed an elevated reading that puts her in a high risk category. Her doctor explained that this blood component is a newly iden!fied primary culprit in atherosclerosis because it can pass into the arterial wall leading to plaque build-up. Which test result led to this conclusion? a) High density lipoprotein b) Small par!cle, low density lipoprotein c) Homocysteine d) Triglycerides e) Large par!cle, low density lipoprotein View Feedback Ques!on 11 1 / 1 point When the body has excess cholesterol, where is it eliminated? a) Pancreas b) Kidneys c) Liver d) Gallbladder Ques!on 12 1 / 1 point Which of the following best describes a free radical? a) A molecule with highly unstable nucleic ac!vity b) A species containing one or more unpaired electrons c) A cofactor whose presence is essen!al for enzyma!c ac!vity d) An unstable molecule missing their atomic orbital Ques!on 13 1 / 1 point What substance has been associated with increased risk of some forms of cancer and reduced incidence of heart disease? a) Tobacco b) Alcohol c) Coffee d) Apples e) Pomegranate View Feedback Ques!on 14 1 / 1 point Homocysteine is derived from an amino acid True False Ques!on 15 1 / 1 point Which of the following statements about cholesterol is true? a) The molecular structure of cholesterol makes it a triglyceride b) Cholesterol is only found in animal sources and never plant sources c) The cholesterol molecule on its own is soluble in blood. d) The body cannot produce enough cholesterol to meet its requirements Ques!on 16 1 / 1 point What effect does sugar generally have on a persons lipid profile? a) Sugars block LDL receptors on cells which, through feedback systems, s!mulate increased LDL produc!on. b) The body will use the simple carbohydrates as fuel first, causing triglycerides to build up and small par!cle LDL to increase. c) As blood sugar levels rise, insulin is released by the pancreas which signals the liver to increase HDL produc!on. d) Sugar competes with cholesterol transport proteins in the gut, decreasing the absorp!on of cholesterol into the blood. View Feedback Ques!on 17 1 / 1 point Cholesterol is the precursor for the synthesis of which of the following molecules? (Select all that apply) Vitamin D Apoprotein B Homocysteine Cor!sol Folic acid Ques!on 18 1 / 1 point Diet plays an important role in managing the risk of heart disease. Which of the following foods would likely contribute to decreased high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels? (Select all that apply) White bread Avocado Chicken breast Potatoes Almonds View Feedback Ques!on 19 0 / 1 point Elevated blood levels of homocysteine are associated with increased risk of heart a#ack. As explained in the lecture, B vitamins are important in the processing of homocysteine. A study was conducted where pa!ents were prescribed Vitamin B supplements. The results showed that their homocysteine levels dropped but there was no change in the rate of heart a#acks. Given the results of this study, what alternate hypothesis might one propose about the rela!onship between homocysteine and heart a#acks? a) Vitamin B must be isolated from natural sources for it to be an effec!ve treatment for heart disease. b) Foods that are naturally high in vitamin B contain other compounds that are protec!ve against heart disease. c) There is no rela!onship between homocysteine levels and heart disease. d) Heart a#acks cause homocysteine levels to increase. View Feedback Ques!on 20 1 / 1 point Which of the following molecules are a by-product of the break down of fat par!cles when potatoes are fried at high temperatures par!cularly with polyunsaturated fats? a) Acrylamide b) 4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal c) 2-methyldioxy-furfural d) 4-methylimidazole Ques!on 21 1 / 1 point An!oxidants react with free radicals to neutralize them True False Ques!on 22 1 / 1 point Vegetable oils are high in High Density Lipoprotein. True False View Feedback Done A"empt Score: 20 / 20 - 100 % Overall Grade (first a#empt): 20 / 20 - 100 % ...
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