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10.29 bible - 10.29.2007 Near the End of Exile: 2 Isaiah...

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10.29.2007 Near the End of Exile: 2 Isaiah (40-55) I. Historical Backdrop A. Exilic period: 586-539 BCE 1. Temple and walls of Jerusalem burned 2. Leaders of Judah were resident in Babylon B. Key Babylonian Rulers 1. Nebuchadrezzar (604-562 BCE) a. King during both exiles b. Established Babylon as major world power 2. Four kings in 7 years (assassinations, etc.) 3. Nabonidus (556-539 BCE), final king of Babylon C. Cyrus and the Persians 1. Cyrus becomes King of Persia 559 BCE 2. Unites with Medes in 550 BCE 3. Defeats Babylonians and captures Nabonidus 539 BCE 4. Establishes Persian Empire, which lasts until Alexander the Great, 332 BCE 5. Allows return of exiles: Ezra 1:1-4 II. The Book of Second Isaiah (end of exile period) A. In relation to 1 Isaiah 1. Ch 39 to Hezekiah: days are coming when everything will be taken to Babylon, including some sons (Babylonians are going to overthrow Judah)
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2. Ch 40: comfort because people have already been punished and taken to Babylon (during captivity)
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10.29 bible - 10.29.2007 Near the End of Exile: 2 Isaiah...

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