12.03 reli

12.03 reli - 12.03.2007 The Text and Canon of Scripture I....

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12.03.2007 The Text and Canon of Scripture I. The Ongoing History of Israel A. Daniel is probably the last book to be written (part-Hebrew, part-Aramaic) – Maccabean Period B. Maccabean Revolt (167 BCE) – resisting Antiochus IV Epiphanes’ efforts to make them follow Greek culture; drove Syrians out of Palestine and set up a stable state C. Roman Conquest (66 BCE) – Romans conquered Judea to make it part of the Roman Empire D. Jewish Uprisings (66-70 CE; 132-35 CE) – attempts to overthrow Roman occupation; 66: Jews tried to drive the Romans out – led to war. 70 CE – 2 nd Temple Destroyed; 135: Jews couldn’t live in Jerusalem The Fate of the Jewish Scriptures E. The Canon – the authors didn’t know they were writing “Scripture” 1. “Canon” = “measuring rod.” A canon is a standard by which all things are judged. 2. Formation of the Jewish Canon of Scripture a. Pentateuch by time of Ezra (5 th c. BCE)? b. Prophets by 2 nd c. BCE? c. Writings by 2 nd c. CE? F. The Text 1. Impossibility of establishing an original text – we don’t know if we have the exact words of any one book – we don’t have copies for centuries 2. Earliest complete texts a. The Aleppo Codex 920 CE (for many years kept in Aleppo, Syria)
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course RELI 103 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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12.03 reli - 12.03.2007 The Text and Canon of Scripture I....

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