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12.03 reli - 12.03.2007 The Text and Canon of Scripture I...

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12.03.2007 The Text and Canon of Scripture I. The Ongoing History of Israel A. Daniel is probably the last book to be written (part-Hebrew, part-Aramaic) – Maccabean Period B. Maccabean Revolt (167 BCE) – resisting Antiochus IV Epiphanes’ efforts to make them follow Greek culture; drove Syrians out of Palestine and set up a stable state C. Roman Conquest (66 BCE) – Romans conquered Judea to make it part of the Roman Empire D. Jewish Uprisings (66-70 CE; 132-35 CE) – attempts to overthrow Roman occupation; 66: Jews tried to drive the Romans out – led to war. 70 CE – 2 nd Temple Destroyed; 135: Jews couldn’t live in Jerusalem The Fate of the Jewish Scriptures E. The Canon – the authors didn’t know they were writing “Scripture” 1. “Canon” = “measuring rod.” A canon is a standard by which all things are judged. 2. Formation of the Jewish Canon of Scripture a. Pentateuch by time of Ezra (5 th c. BCE)? b. Prophets by 2 nd c. BCE? c. Writings by 2 nd c. CE? F. The Text 1. Impossibility of establishing an original text – we don’t know if we have the exact words of any one book – we don’t have copies for centuries 2. Earliest complete texts a. The Aleppo Codex 920 CE (for many years kept in Aleppo, Syria) b. The Leningrad Codex 1009 CE (in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) Russia)
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