{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Religion 103 Class Notes 3

Religion 103 Class Notes 3 - The End of Israel and the Book...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
October 15, 2007 The End of Israel and the Book of Isaiah I. Historical Overview: Israel (Northern Kingdom) a. The Last days of Israel: Key Dates/Events i. 745-727 BCE = Tiglath-Pileazer (=Pul) is King of Assyria and makes Israel (under King Menahem) a vassal state ii. 735-732 BCE = Syro-Ephraimite War/ rebellion against Assyria (King of Israel : Pekah) iii. 727 BCE = King Hoshea rebels against Assyria’s King Shalmaneser V iv. 721 BCE = Sargon II destroys Samaria (capital) end of northern Kingdom b. Meanwhile, in Judah: Key Dates/Events i. Important Kings 1. Uzziah (Azariah) 783-738 BCE 2. Ahaz 747-727 BCE (during Isaiah) 3. Hezekiah 727-698 BCE – praised by the Deuteronomistic historian (39 kings all together and only two of them get praised and one of them is Hezekiah) praised because he worshipped God in the right way. Followed the Torah, got rid of false gods. ii. Important Events 1. 735-732 BCE Syro-Ephraimite War 2. 701 BCE Invasion of Sennacherib (Invasion of the South by them). There are many accounts of this. Jerusalem wasn’t destroyed completely just attacked. II. Isaiah of Jerusalem: Prophet a. Dates and Location: appears to have begun the year King Uzziah died (738 BCE). He prophesied at least through the invasion of Sennacherib in 701 BCE. So around 40 years. b. Divisions of the Book of Isaiah i. Evidence of Multiple Authors/Sources: (written over a long period of time) 1. Before the Captivity [nation of Babylon overthrew the southern kingdom], ca 700 BCE? (39:5-7) Isaiah is talking to King Hezekiah, and he tells him that days are coming when all their stuff shall be carried away to Babylon. Def. written before Babylon destroyed Southern Kingdom of Judah. 2. After the Captivity, ca 580 BCE (40:1-5 ; 47:5-7 ; 11) 3. The Persian King Cyrus, ca 538 BCE (45:1) ii. Scholarly Consensus a. First Isaiah: Ch. 1-39 (late 8 th c. BCE) 1
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
b. Second Isaiah: Ch 40-55 (after 586 BCE) c. Third Isaiah: Ch. 56-66 (after 539 BCE) c. Theological Investments (Zion Theology): Not invested in the Exodus traditions. [Not about how god saved his people from slavery etc.] Zion Theology = It’s in Jerusalem that God has anointed his King. Jerusalem is God’s holy city and God “lives” there where the Ark of the Covenant was kept. Many people thought that Jerusalem was going to be protected by its enemies because God dwelled there. i. Isaiah insisted that the Temple Cult wasn’t good enough to save the people from the wrath of God. (Ch. 1:11-17) ii. How you treat other people is what matters, not your religion. iii. Ch. 1:23 = realizes that the leaders are the corrupt ones. This causes a temporary punishment. [Ch 4:2-6 ] d. Some of the Key Passages i. Isaiah’s Call (Ch. 6) He is supposed to go tell the people “keep listening but don’t understand…” Does this for 40 years. ii. The Syro-Ephraimite War (Ch. 7-9) 1. Symbolic Names of Isaiah’s children a. Shear-jashub (7:3) A Remnant will Return b. Immanuel (7:14) God is with us.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern