Religion 103 Class Notes 3

Religion 103 Class Notes 3 - October 15, 2007 The End of...

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October 15, 2007 The End of Israel and the Book of Isaiah I. Historical Overview: Israel (Northern Kingdom) a. The Last days of Israel: Key Dates/Events i. 745-727 BCE = Tiglath-Pileazer (=Pul) is King of Assyria and makes Israel (under King Menahem) a vassal state ii. 735-732 BCE = Syro-Ephraimite War/ rebellion against Assyria (King of Israel : Pekah) iii. 727 BCE = King Hoshea rebels against Assyria’s King Shalmaneser V iv. 721 BCE = Sargon II destroys Samaria (capital) end of northern Kingdom b. Meanwhile, in Judah: Key Dates/Events i. Important Kings 1. Uzziah (Azariah) 783-738 BCE 2. Ahaz 747-727 BCE (during Isaiah) 3. Hezekiah 727-698 BCE – praised by the Deuteronomistic historian (39 kings all together and only two of them get praised and one of them is Hezekiah) praised because he worshipped God in the right way. Followed the Torah, got rid of false gods. ii. Important Events 1. 735-732 BCE Syro-Ephraimite War 2. 701 BCE Invasion of Sennacherib (Invasion of the South by them). There are many accounts of this. Jerusalem wasn’t destroyed completely just attacked. II. Isaiah of Jerusalem: Prophet a. Dates and Location: appears to have begun the year King Uzziah died (738 BCE). He prophesied at least through the invasion of Sennacherib in 701 BCE. So around 40 years. b. Divisions of the Book of Isaiah i. Evidence of Multiple Authors/Sources: (written over a long period of time) 1. Before the Captivity [nation of Babylon overthrew the southern kingdom], ca 700 BCE? (39:5-7) Isaiah is talking to King Hezekiah, and he tells him that days are coming when all their stuff shall be carried away to Babylon. Def. written before Babylon destroyed Southern Kingdom of Judah. 2. After the Captivity, ca 580 BCE (40:1-5 ; 47:5-7 ; 11) 3. The Persian King Cyrus, ca 538 BCE (45:1) ii. Scholarly Consensus a. First Isaiah: Ch. 1-39 (late 8 th c. BCE) 1
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b. Second Isaiah: Ch 40-55 (after 586 BCE) c. Third Isaiah: Ch. 56-66 (after 539 BCE) c. Theological Investments (Zion Theology): Not invested in the Exodus traditions. [Not about how god saved his people from slavery etc.] Zion Theology = It’s in Jerusalem that God has anointed his King. Jerusalem is God’s holy city and God “lives” there where the Ark of the Covenant was kept. Many people thought that Jerusalem was going to be protected by its enemies because God dwelled there. i. Isaiah insisted that the Temple Cult wasn’t good enough to save the people from the wrath of God. (Ch. 1:11-17) ii. How you treat other people is what matters, not your religion. iii. Ch. 1:23 = realizes that the leaders are the corrupt ones. This causes a temporary punishment. [Ch 4:2-6 ] d. Some of the Key Passages i. Isaiah’s Call (Ch. 6) He is supposed to go tell the people “keep listening but don’t understand…” Does this for 40 years. ii.
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course RELI 103 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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Religion 103 Class Notes 3 - October 15, 2007 The End of...

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