ANHAM NOTES - Chapter 1 Orientalism before Asian America Appearance of discrete Asian populations \u25cf 1 Filipino sailors aboard Spanish galleons \u25cf 2

ANHAM NOTES - Chapter 1 Orientalism before Asian America...

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Chapter 1 (8/31/18) Orientalism before Asian America Appearance of discrete Asian populations: 1) Filipino sailors aboard Spanish galleons 2) California gold rush 1840s+1850s 3)1960’s identification of Asian American identity by activists Asian American experience did not enter as a blank state Entered into a society Americans had a different relationship to Asia than Europe did From mysterious ancient knowledge to barbaric place to be civilized European Orientalism The authority of dominant Europeans was bolstered by one-sided production and unidirectional flow of knowledge Asia has been imagined as romantic, exotic, terrifying but always otherworldly Savagery and civilization solidified East West divide Oriental countries were Europeans great and richest country Greek plays Asia’s lush environment produced monotony, Europe less naturally abundant so more courageous people Alexander the Great exoticized Asian culture After Greeks: Medieval writings -East still fantastical imaginings -Barbaric but good at military - Religion 7th-15th -Christians vs nonchristians (muslims) created this divide between the two - Gender : -Asians were wild and untamed -Eventually were recognized as tamed (this was used to rationalize colonization from 1500s) 19th century: -Orient represented backwardness, irrationality, sensuality and stagnation -Orients never had a voice so Westerners have been able to draw from Orientalist experiences -Orientalists claimed to know and were given authority Ideology and Power -Orientalism began with Portugal’s penetration of India, Southeast Asia and macao in 15-1700s. -European imperialism lead to Western discoveries of Eastern Knowledge Tetxs Formation of societies Rise of new Orientalist authorties Learning these differences only made them more confident
-Europe more fascinated by past than modern day Asia -Europe had militarism and knowledge -Europeans tried to stir inert people from alienation to greatness -As long as the intention was to dominate the orient, then Europeans would forever try to find differences and betters -Because Asia has been constructed under European framework, Orientalism is just a way to affirm European identity. -A lot of Europeans only exposed to pictures and texts and relied on that to judge the Orietn Themes: •No direct contact (ideologies formed off of texts of Asians) •Slight contact (started trading with Asians) •More contact through trade (developed more Orientalist sentiment, wanted missionaries) •Asian immigration (even more-manifest destiny) Orientalism in America -European conquest was bound up in Orientalist projections: CC travel to India then found NA -CC persisted to call them Indians Prerevolutionary British North America, England was the “other” not “Orient” By 18th century, became “Anglo-American identity” Difference between European and American (Vijay Prashad) Europeans: East and West would never meet (Twain)

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