18.07.2016 1 Chapter 2: Loads on Structures Assist. Prof. Dr. Shahram Derogar European University of Lefke Lefke, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Structural Analysis I (CE 303) Chapter 2: Loads on Structures The objective of a structural engineer is to design a structure that will be able to withstand all the loads to which it is subjected while serving its intended purpose. In designing a structure, we must consider all the loads that can realistically be expected to act on the structure during its planned life span. The loads that act on structures can be grouped according to their nature and source into three classes: (1) Dead Loads: due to the weight of the structural system itself and any other material permanently attached to it; (2) Live Loads: which are movable or moving loads due to the use of structure; (3) Environmental loads: which are caused by environmental effects such as wind, snow and earthquakes. In addition to estimating the magnitudes of the design loads, possibility that some of these loads might act simultaneously on the structure should be considered. S.Derogar
18.07.2016 2 Chapter 2: Loads on Structures 1) Dead Loads: Dead loads are gravity loads of constant magnitudes and fixed positions that act permanently on the structure. Such loads consist of the weights of the structural system itself and of all other material and equipment permanently attached to the structural system. For example: The dead load for a building include the weight of frames, framing and
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- Spring '19
- SHARAM DEROGAR
- Dead and live loads, Structural load