Revised 7-20-2016The Origins of American ImperialismHistory 1053Expansionism: we are referring to this action of adding additional territory to your nation. Imperialism: we are referring to a policy that seeks to enhance or increase your nation’s territory, power, or influence. There are also different types of imperialism. The first is military imperialism. Taking the military somewhere else, conquering them, and ruling that land without their consent. There is also a cultural imperialism, which is seeking to go out and change someone else’s culture. An example is France being sensitive to other countries trying to influence their culture (being mad about McDonald’s). There is also economic imperialism, which is simply doing profitable business with someone else and dominating their economy. We also need to know the difference between foreign relations and foreign policy. Foreign relations: simply means relationships with other countries, usually informal. Foreign policy: is more strict and formal, it is a set of rules or goals that you seek to achieve in your relationships with other countries. Policyis proactive rather than reactive. Expansion not new to US in 1898The process of expansionism is one of the oldest stories in American history. By the time we get to 1898, expansionism is nothing new to us. We use 1898 as a “breaking point” in what was happening. There were all kinds of “small gains” along the line such as Texas and the Mexican Session. The correct answer on when imperialism started depends on the context. Old Diplomacy vs. New DiplomacyThese are foreign affairs. Our dealings with other countries prior to 1890 followed the “Old Diplomacy” is concerned primarily with acquiring new territories and bringing them into the US. Characterized as “reactive”, stuff happens in the world and the United States simply reacted. The “New Diplomacy” is more concerned with expanding our influence, and now we start forming policies. The goal here of the New Diplomacy is to create favorable business opportunities for the US economy. Characterized as “proactive”. Role in World Affairs Under Old DiplomacyWhat was America’s role in the world?“Policy” guided by idealsOur policies were guided by our beliefs. First is independence, we wanted everybody to be independent and nobody should be controlling anyone else. Now we have the idea of self- determination. Everybody should be able to choose their own leaders. We also were anti-colonies.