(1) The New South.docx - Revised The New South(1865-1896...

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Revised 1-9-16The New South(1865-1896)HIS 1053So what’s New about it?1865-1877: Reconstruction1865-1896: The New South1877-1896: The Gilded AgeWhat is “new” about it?-Was first used by Grady to distinguish the post-civil war America from pre-civil war AmericaChangeWhat has changed?Slavery has been abolished, so we must create a new economic system. Industrializing economyThe New South advocates suggested an industrialized economy. More railroads, morefactories built, more textiles and lumber. They are trying to catch up to the North, but never catch them until the mid 20thcentury. There is some initial progress, but it does not last very long. The problem with all the industrializing, there are lots of very low wage jobs in factories, etc. So the southerners who took these jobs aren’t better offIncreasing urbanizationThe South was primarily a very rural area, nobody really lived in cities and they all lived on farms. But, all the factories were located in the cities, so people started to move in to the cities. The South had the highest rate of urbanization in the country. Places such as Atlanta, Birmingham, and Dallas started to emerge primarily because of their railroad connections. Moving from smaller towns to big cities, leads to less personal relations. The Southerners were afraid that the big cities would break down their society as a result from thisAgrarian revoltThe farmers are rebelling against the “New South” ideas. They liked the old ways, competing for social standing based on the crops they produced. But, cotton prices started to fall in this area primarily because of overproduction. The farmers were oncethe leaders of the South and had lots of power, in the New South, there are other

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