Key_Concepts_of_Postcolonial_Criticism.doc - 1 Key Concepts...

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1 Key Concepts of Postcolonial Criticism Hisham M Nazer 1 1. Usually draws example from the literary works of African Americans, aboriginal Australians and India. 2. Postcolonial criticism is both a subject matter and a theoretical framework. As a subject matter it analyzes literature produced by cultures that developed in response to colonial domination. Takes into account both the colonisers’ and the colonised’s response. If a strictly and exclusively postcolonial literary work is analyzed by any theoretical framework, it will still be considered postcolonial criticism. Now as a theoretical framework, postcolonial criticism attempts to understand political, social, cultural and psychological operations and the colonialist and the anticolonialist “ideology”. 3. Decolonization often has been confined largely to the removal of British military forces and government officials. What remained behind is the deeply embedded cultural colonization. This left the ex-colonies with a psychological ‘inheritance’ of a negative self-image. 4. Colonialist ideology/discourse- colonizers’ assumption of their own superiority which they contrasted with the alleged inferiority of native people. Their belief in their own metropolitan status. 5. Eurocentricism. Colonizers saw themselves at the center, as the ‘proper self’. Natives associated with the Other/Demonic other/Savage. 6. Postcolonial criticism rejects universalism; the universal themes as were depicted and standardized by English literature. 1 Hisham M Nazer, a lecturer of English Language and Literature at Varendra University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh, is a multilingual poet from Bangladesh, a literary and philosophy theorist, a columnist and an occasional short- story writer. He is a prolific writer, published worldwide and nationally. His works have appeared in literary journals/magazines/anthologies/dailies from Austria, Greece, Belgium, France, USA, UK, Canada, Romania, Philippines, India and Bangladesh. He has also written op-eds and personal essays for national dailies like The Hindu (India) and The Daily Star (Bangladesh). Recently for his poem "Shakespeare's a name: a Tragedy Left Behind" he has won the first prize in an International Poetry Competition (Shakespeare themed) organized by the Department of English, Farook College, Kerala, India. Moreover he has worked as a sub-editor for two literary magazines- Shasshwatiki (print journal, Bengali, Bangladesh) and The Browsing Corner (Multi-lingual e-zine, India). For publication information please visit- Websites: Follow his works here: Facebook:
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