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Apush Outline #1-The Puritans

Apush Outline #1-The Puritans - Alex Perry and Philly...

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Alex Perry and Philly Mywooz AP US History September 2, 2005 THE PURITANS AND NEW ENGLAND (1620-1690s) I. Puritanism: Founding, Beliefs, and Reception (1563-early 1600s) A. Describe John Calvin's views on God and sin- John Calvin of Geneva, a reformer building upon the ideas of Martin Luther (a German friar who opposed the authority of priests and popes and proclaimed the Bible as the sole supply of God's word), held severe views on God and sin, as is evident in his doctrine Institutes of the Christian Religion. According to Calvin, God was omnipotent and immaculate, while humans were base and feeble because of their original sin. Calvin also believed that God was omniscient and knew whether each person was going to heaven or hell. B. Describe the concepts of predestination and conversion- Calvin believed that because God was all-knowing, all humans were predestined to go to heaven or hell. Those destined for heaven were called the elect in his doctrine. Those destined for hell could not receive salvation, even through good deeds in life. Because no one knew their predestination, people sought signs of "conversion" in themselves and in others. During conversion, God revealed to the elect his or her heavenly status. From then on, that person would be expected to live as a "visible saint" and become an example of heavenly behavior to all others. C. Puritans clash with the Church of England (late 1500s-early 1600s) - Galvanized by actions taken by King Henry VIII to separate from the Roman Catholic Church and to become the head of the Church of England in the 1530s, religious reformers began a purification process of English Christianity-appropriately, these reformers were known as "Puritans." Because many such Puritans were of low economic status, the hope for a favorable destiny provided by Calvinism was especially appealing. Over time, the lack of substantial progress in the Protestant Reformation stimulated indignity among Puritans, who were eager for the Church of England to be catholicized. Further contributing to tension was the king's enrolling of subjects into the Church of England, which conflicted with the Puritans' belief that only "visible saints" should be granted church membership. II. Pilgrims at Plymouth (1620) A. Motives for the Separatists- Tensions began to mount between the Church of England and the Separatists when the church admitted all the king's subjects. Separatists believed that only "visible saints" should be enrolled because they did not want these "saints" to have to share pews with the "damned". Once this group seceded from the Church, they were persecuted by King James I, forcing some to leave England. Although a famous congregation of Separatists found safety in Holland, they were irritated by the Dutch influence on their children and increasingly longed for their own land. A move to American seemed to be the logical solution.
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