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Apush Outline #2-Roots of Revolution

Apush Outline #2-Roots of Revolution - Alex Perry and Phil...

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Alex Perry and Phil Myers September 10, 2005 AP US History ROOTS OF THE REVOLUTION and the CIVIL WAR I. Slavery Becomes Entrenched A. Bacon's Rebellion (1676) - By the late 1600s dissatisfaction grew among the still proliferating mass of destitute freemen in the Chesapeake area. This group was primarily composed of young men, many of whom had been former indentured servants, who were unable to obtain land or a wife. Planters felt threatened by the overwhelming number of the poor, and the Virginia assembly disfranchised most of the landless men in 1670. The fear of the planters proved to be well-placed, as in 1676 planter Nathaniel Bacon led a group of about a thousand rebellious Virginians. The majority of these insurgents were frontiersmen who had been forced to search for land in the wild backcountry. They scorned Virginia's Governor William Berkley who had held peaceful relations with the Indians and monopolized their fur trade. Berkley's failure to respond to Indian attacks on frontier settlements sent Bacon's group into frenzy, as they indiscriminately slaughtered Indians, ran Berkley out of Jamestown, and torched the capital. Mayhem ensued until Bacon suddenly died of disease and Berkeley ruthlessly ended the rebellion. Although the uprising was suppressed, it had kindled the discontentment of poor former indentured servants and frontiersmen. Planters became cautious of hiring such rebellious people and looked to Africa for workers. B. Describe two reasons for the growth of slavery (1680s onward) - Prior to 1680, indentured servants were the main workforce on plantations in the colonies. When the English economy improved, less poor people were willing to become indentured servants. Farmers did not want to hire insubordinate former servants because they were fearful of another Bacon's Rebellion. This caused a work shortage in the colonies. Planters turned to slaves in order to keep their plantations running. The Royal African Company lost its crown-granted monopoly on the slave trade to America in 1698. Savvy American businessmen cashed in on the businessopportunity, importing thousands more Africans C. The Slave Trade 1. Summarize the key aspects of the slave trade business - When the slave trade business took off in the 1680s, European and American businesspeople appeared on the scene. With the Royal African Company's monopoly on carrying slaves revoked, a multitude of persons attempted to cash in on the slave trade, causing the sharp increase in slaves. The bulk of the slaves who were brought to North America came from the west coast of Africa. First, they were captured by African tribes who traded them in markets to European and American merchants. The slaves were then crammed into ships for the "Middle Passage" across the Atlantic by which they were brought to America. The survivors were put on auction and traded.
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