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Unformatted text preview: Stmcture and lVrltten Erpression a0 Qnmom 25 iltnnrrcs This scction is dcsigncd to measure y9* ability to recognize tanguage tbat is appropriate for standard written English' Thcrc arc two tlpcs of questions in this section, iith-speciar oirections foreach t)"e. Stnrcture IXrectlons: Questions l-15 are incomplete sentenccs. Beneath each sentence you will see fourwords or phrases' markcd (A), (B), (c), and (o). choose the one word or ptrase that best completes the $entencc. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question *a'nu in the space that corresponds to the let0er of the answeryou have chosen. Fill in the space so that the letter inside tbe oval cannot be seen. l. In simple animals, reflex movcment or involuntary rcsponsc to stimuli. (A) behtyior mostly (B) most is bebavior ffmottbehavior (D) the most behavior 2. Although the weather in Martha's Vineyard isn't ----to have a year-round tourist session, it has become a farorite sumrner resort. (A) goodfy cnoiugh (D) enough good 3. According to the wave theory, popu_ lation of the Americas may have been the result of a number of scparate migrations. that (D) whose 6. Canada does not require UmtU.S. citizens obtain passports to enter the country, and Mexico does neither tUexico doesn,t eittrer !81 neither Mexico does (D) either does Mexico eaadenough (C) good as enough (c) @l' p) is an ({) @ F) their symbolic systerL can reduce complex problcrns to simple terms. (A) it is an (B) that an is ltrfue (B) 5. Calculus, ---------- elegant and economical ----- just beginning to be recognized as an important influence at the time of his death. 7. The poer (A) lcing Walt Whitrnan lDfwho was Walt Whitman (C) Walt Whirman @ watt whitman was It is prcsumed that rules governing the shar_ ing of food influenced that the earliest cultures evolved, (A) that the way (B) is the way @ the way P whicb way b €f *V;f 'J*L,;f r'r Vff V;r L' 5 'Yl'" ; {' e } (14 , lVk Le t- y vslb ( bc, 8 '-'F v\"l;"e) l.r t^l^( 8. %- the fqmation of thc sun, tbc plancB, and ohcrstars began with tbc oadcnsa_ tion of an interstellarcloud. . (A) It acccptcd that As a general rule, the standarrd of living ----:-- by the ayerage output of each person in society. 13. After seeing the movie Cengennial, (A) the book was read by many people (B) Jhr book nade many peopte want to rcad it JPf mulry people wantrd to read thc book fixad (B),fixed (D) thc reading of the book inrcrested many has fixed people (D) fixrs 10. Thc Coruumer Price Indexlists ----- 14. . (A)-how much costs eve(y car much does wcry car cosr much every car costs how much ane every car cost di)*" t/ ,Kar< eminent American poet (B) He is an eminent American poet (C) An eminent Amcrican poet who is (D) Dcspite an eminent American poet Ford Theater where Lincoln was shot (A) must restore p) mustbe restoring [email protected] @) Cart Sandhrg is also well known for his multivolurne biography of Lincotn. tl}A.n plnon @no* (D) , :.-/ - eat quickly and cheapty (D) ttrc ear quickly and chcapty acceplod that (D) Ttut is accepted IC) 40 to car quickty and cheapty (9 !91ltis @it h$-food lestarnnts heve [email protected] bccsutc nrry wcting pooplc want (B) cating quictly and chcapty (B) Acccptcd that 9. 12. 15. The exarniner made us ----------- our identification in order to be admitted to the test " center. .ffshowing (if have been restored must restored show (C) showed (D) to show Written Expression Directiors: ln questioru 16-4O, each sentence has four undertfured words or plrascs. The forrr underlincd Parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one underlined word or ptrase that must be changed in order for the sentcnce to be correcl Then, on your answcr sheet" find the numberof the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the 4nswer you have choscn. tto( 16. A swarm of locusts iq resPgnsible the consumption of ggough pl.nt mrtp.ial to fecd a million andahalfpeopte. (D) !'l Tre- ( 17. (A) T ryl 6 orr oyxrqfiT$q lus bocn t "g*aro puti of thc wortd for many ycars. o ls. Ihosc of us nBl snolcc shoul ------dhaveBlungsX-raYedogp (A) ,m rnrf , l9v.t 19' Aftcr the team of geologlsts had drawn diagrams in their notebooks and wrote explanations (A) (c) of @- the formations which they had observed, they rcturned to their campslte to compare nobs. 20' ltRobert tGnncdy *ouro -w tfrit T-iF;- 21. Itwas Shidey Terqple (A) @- K' 22' T\eprices-qt chain storcs !!g (A) 23. important for an engineer 1^avt 24, Historically then (A) as reasonable, 6t (B) Ti: (A)"lugTrrr il Black;#i rcprcsglted became an ambassador. .,)? CI q# B conscrvatives. 25' Whitman wrote Lcaves of *" her country in the united Nations and latcr (D) if not more '-tr ," k r"t"ti;* T t 1a-,^, reasonable, as those at cliscount stores. -'6*^""vsr\, a compurer. major factions in the Republican Party-the liberals and rhe Grass as a tribute to the t^ra \(r."r Civil War soldiers who had laid on the battlefields and whom he hadseen while serving as an army nurse. T --'-6 o a little longer, he probably would have won the election -Tl --tn) -Gt- 26' one of the fust and g$Irrllglx the most important purposeful of a reservoir was to conrrol @us. (A) rhr- (il (D) 27' The Qtrinese were the first ano rarpq"[rnic group ro work on the consrrucrion of the (A) transcontinental railroad systiem. @ -6- 6i 28. 'roe- rangp of plant life oo r mountrinsidc is rcrultlfbf diFerclps in ampcraturc and e ---O- [email protected] procipitation*"1ffl altitudes. 29. Fven a p,rofessional psycbologist may have difficulty talking calqand logically ry Fit g* pnoblems. \t4o3L :(q 30. The morc the relative humidity reading riscs, the worst the heat affects us, [email protected] 31. Because corrclations are not causes, statistical (A) J5) dataD6 ary extremely easy to misu$. -,@D----(O -W 32. Irctures for the week of March 22-26 will,include the followins: The Causes of theCivil War' (B) (A) T Tbe Economy of the South, Battle Strategies, and The Assassinate Lincoln. gg, g(:,.,ea.)iora --fr 33. Despite)(ary attemprs tg introduce a universal language, notably Esperanto and ldiorn Neutral, the eFort has met with very Lltq a @gold' tn) little (D) success, 34. As eycry ottrer nation, the United States uscd to define thc re-Ft is unit of currcncy, the dollar, in terms standard. v.r3 C Y 35. It is necessary that one mei with a judge Fefore signing the finalpapers for tn) F ---6- to (c) a diJorce. ro) !?* (c) 36. Until recently, women rglgjotbidden F{ T Oaingyni_lg property. @ 3?. Agcording to the graduate catalog, student housing t gD{:Eqg $91 housing off campus' (D) (B) @ Lq. 3g. John Dewey thought ttrat ctritorer$lirLdanr beuer rhrough participating in experiences J/er rather than through listening to lectures. (c) (D) (B) of 1' I 3e. InF{dud?#Jp @ 40' H9 re6o& trlan4 on unproductive soil erocion and rotating ffi o,*ng "1-pu. paratrcl with rhc stopes of hi[s, ftri|H p) Readlng Compnehenslon 50 Quevnons 55 Dlnturrs Dlrrcdons: In this scction you will read scveral possages. Erch onc is follqvod by a numbcr of questions about it. For questions l-50, you arc to choosc thc one bcst answer, (A), (B), (C), or (D), to cach question. Then, on your a$twer sheet, find thc number of tbe qucstion and fiU in the spaoc that orresponds to dre leuer of the urw€r yor have chosen.. Answer all questions about the information in a passage on the basis of what is Srt d or imp[cd in'hat passage. Questions 1-10 Few men have influenced the dcvelopment of Amcrican English o the extent tbat Xoatt Webster did. Born in \V'est Hartford, Connecticut, in 1758, his nanp has becomc synonymous with American dictionaries. Crraduatod from Yale in 1778, he was admittcd to thc bar Lirc in l78l and thereafter began to practice law in llartrord Larcr, when he turned to teaching, (5) he discovered how inadeguate the svailable schoolbooks were for the children of a ncw and independent nation. In response to the need for truly American textbooks, Webster publisbed A Grurnutiul Irtstitute of the English Language. a three-volume work that consisted of a speller, s gramrnar, and a reader. The first volume, which warr gencrally known as The Anerican Spciling Book, ( I0) was so pqpular that eventually it sold mone than 80 million copies and provided him witb a considerable income for the rest of his life. While teaching, Webster began work on the Comperrdious Dicrtonary of tlu English Language, which was publishd in 1806. 1807 Noah Webstpr begEn his greaast wuk, An American Dicttorcry of tltc Fnglish Language.In preparing thg manuscript, he devoted ten years to tlre study of English and its ( 151 relationship to other languages, and scven morc years to the writing itsclf. Publishcd in n*,'o volumes in 1828, An American Dictiorary of tlw English Language has becomc thc rccognized.authority for u$age in the Unitcd States. Webstcr's purpose in nriting itwas to dcmonstrate that the American language was &veloping distinct meanings, pnonunciations, and spellings from those of British English. He is responsible for advancing simplified spclling (201 forms: develop instead of the British fonn dnelope; tluater and centerinsaad of tluatrc and centre; color and honor insrcad of colour and horwur. In 1840 Webster brought out a second edition of his dictiondry, which included 7O0fl) er' tries instead of the original 38,000. This edition has scrved as the basis for the many revisions that have been produced under the Webster nalne. h l. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? 6$,w"uster's work JF) W rVster's Dictionaries (C) Webster's School (D) Webster's Life 2. ltc rod "indcEreb" in lirc 5 cmH bcrt bc rcplecod by 7. Accordiqg !o 6c anthm, qrtd was Srcbsts'e pnrpolc in *Tidng An Ancricn Diaiomry (A) unavrilable oftEhglishLangrcge? fiocrrrllve (9 difficult (A) Ib rceotrd b hc nccd fu rcw sdml- bod$ @f" @unsatisfacbry 3. Wtry did Webccr wria A Grununtical htstiute of tlu English Language? (A) Hc wantcd to suprplenrcnt his income. (B) Thcrc wetr no books available after the Revolutionrry War. 'I H" felt tbrt British books wcr€ not ap proFi$e fq American children. @) mc children did not knw hol to spell. 4. Ihom which publbation did Webctcr earn a lifctimc incoure? (A) Compcndiotts Dictiotary of the English Language tyf An Anurban Dictionary of the Engtish Language (C) en Arnerican Dictionary of rhe English : Second Edition American Spetling Book I-anguage @fA, 5. In how many volumes was An Anurican Dictiorury of tlw English Language published? (A) One volurre JA) T\po volumes (C) Ttuae volumes (D) Four volumes 6. Whcn was An American Dictionary of the Eng lis h Lang uag e published? (A) l817 (B) 1807 glf t828 (D) 1824 demonstnate the distinct dovelopment of thc English language in America lgTo pmmotc spclling fornrs bascd upon Britieh models (D) To influence the pronunciation of the English language 8. The word'tf ft) language @ dictionary in lne 17 refers to (B) usage (C) authoity 9. The word "distinst'in line 18 is closcst in meaning to (A) new lBfsimple Bff". 10. According to this passage, which orrc of the following spellings would Webster have ap pmved in his dictionaries? (A) D*elopc @) Theatrc 14 coto, (Dl Horwur QUestions I l-Z) 'of 0tc eadb's The San Andrcsr Fault is a fracture at thc clngnrco€ of two majc plrtce crust, onc of whidr s-uppors most of the North Amcrican continent, and thc dlrcr of wbich underlies .the coast of California md the ocean floor of the hcific. Thc htrlt qiginatcs abflt Line six hundred milcs from the Gulf of California ad nrru north in rn ineplar linc along thc' (5) west cosst to San Francicco, whcre it continues north fq about two hundred srorc miles be' fore angling into ttre oomn. In plaoes, the trace of thc fault is mrrkod by a rcnch, q, in geotogical torms, a ri& and s.lnall ponds cdled sag ponds 0rat dot the lan&capc. lts $'eetcrn sidc always moves north in relation to its eastern side. The lotat net slip dong thc Ssn Andreas Fault and the length of tirne it has becn active are matten of conjecturc, but it has been esti(10) mated that, during the past fifteen million yea$, coastal Cdifornia along the San Adreas Fault has moved about 190 miles in a northwesterly dircction with respcct to Nortb America. Although the movement along thc fault averages only a few inchcs a year, it is intermi[cnt and variable. Som segmcnts of thc fault do oot move at all for long periods of time, building up tremendous pressur€ that must bc releascd. For this rsason, trGmors uE not unusual along (I5) the San Andreas Fault, and some of them are classified as major cartbqu8kcs It is worth noting that the San Andreas Fault passes uncomfortably closc to sevcral mqior metropolitan aneas, including,l.os Angeles and San Francisco. In addirioo, thc San Andreas Fault has creatcd smaller fault systern, many of which underlie the smaller towns rnd cities (20) I l. along the Catifornia Coast. For this r€ason, Californians have long anticipated the rccunere of what thcy refer to as the "Big One," a destructive earthquake 0rat would nrea!ilrc near 8 on the Richter scale, similar in intensity to thosc that occurred in 1857 and 1906. The effects of such a quake would w€ak devastating effects on tbe life and property in thc region. Unfortunately, as pres{rure continues to build along the fault, the likelihood of such an eartlquakc increases substantially. What is the author's main purpose in the passage? 14. Which of the following words best describes the San Andreas Fault? {Ff f, describe the San Andreas Fault (B) To give a definition of a fault /it) (C) fio explain the reason for trcmors and @nnoc earthquakes Sraight (B) Dcep @) Rough (D) llo classi$ different kinds of faults 12. The word 'briginates" in line 3 could best be replaced by (A) gets wider (B) changes direction )Pfbr,gtns (D) disappears 13. Where does the fault lie? f (A) East of the Gulf of California ffWestof the Gulf of California (C)t North of the Gulf of California of the Gulf of California @South 15. In which direction does thc western side the fault move? (A) West (B) East Norttt ,gf (D) South of 16. Thc rrd tf in linc i nftrr ro 19. Aloag (A) Suhercirco San Andrcss Fault, ucmorr arc (A) nrrrlt rnd insignific.nt F_frrur' but dissuous (B)om (C).cmrt G)t"q"cnt @Iru* evcnrs (D) vcry trnprcdicrabte 17. Thc word 'intcrmiccnt'' in linc 12 could bcst bc replecod by which of thc following? 20. Ho*'docs thc authc &fuc thc San Andreas Fault? (A) drngemus (B) prcdictablc (Cluncomnon ,O ttc (A) A plate rhat underlies the North Ameri_ can crntinent Pnrcrack in the earth's cnrst betrnoen hvo platcs (C) Occasional hemors and carthquakcs (D) Intcnsc prcssure that builds up occEsimd 18. Tbc phresc .the Big One, refers to which thc foltoving? of @ e rerious ctrdrquskc {B)}t" San Andreas Faulr gf ftu Richter Scale '(u) crtifo-i" Qtrestions 2t-30 The body of an aduit insect is subdivided into a head, a thorax of three scgments, and a scgmentcd aMornen' ordinarily, the thorax three pain of legs. one or nyo pain of ringr mry ettrctod b thc thtrax. Most aduh insects w '6rv t*o large cumpound eyes, and Linc two or three small simple Fc$i'r6 of the nouur Itc very helpful in classifying the many kinds of insccts. A majority of insects have biting morth p"rtr & mandibles as in grasshoppers and boetles. Behind dlc mandibles arc the maxillac, which scrve to dircct food into the mouth betrvocn the jaws' A lab'mm abovc and a labium belory are similar to ur uppcr and lowcr lip. In insccts with srcking mouth parts' the mandibles, maxillae, labrunr, .no iauium arc .oaih"o to pmvide a (10) nV through which liquid can bc drawn. In a bunrerfly m moth, the coiled drinking nrbe is cdl€d thc proboccis. composbd chiefly of modified maxillac fittcd together, nc prouoscis can bc ext'endod to reach ncc{lrdcep in a iower. In a rnosquito or an aphid, mandibles and maxillac arc modified to sharp styletswith which the inscct.n thmugh surfaccs to reach juice. In a houscfly, the expanding labium forrns a spongelike mouth pad that it can us€ ro sramp ( 15) ova the surface of food. b (5) -bff rril eycs. pt* ail 21. lVhat is the best titte for this passage? (A) nn Inscct's Environment The Structure of an Inscct ,pT - (C) Crrasshoppers and Beerles (D) ltre Stages of Life of an Insect 22. What is the purpose of this passage? (A) To complain (B) 11o persuade (C) To enrertain JE) To inforur 23. Hq*'arp insccts classificd? 27. Wbat is the proboscb? (A) By thc environnEnt in which thcy live (B) By the food bey cat l9l gV the struchre of fte mouth (D) By the number and q'pe of wings 24. The worrd "majority" in lirrc 6 is closest in rneaning to (A) Ncctar iPfnhrbc constructod of modified marillac (C) A kind of bunerfly (D) e kind of flryer 28. Which of the folloring have mandibles and maxillae that have been modincd to sharp stylets? @ -or" than half @) more tban twelve (C) rnore than three Ft:morc than one (A) Grasshoppers (B) Bufierftics lCl Mosquitoes @) Houseflies 25. What is the purpose of the maxillae? (A) To bite or sting (B) To drill through surfaces to find nourishment put food between the jaws (D) To soak up nourishment like a sponge _lf*To 29. The phrasc "drill through" in line t3 could best be replaced by *t(fWnetate (B) saturate (C) explore (D) distinguish 26. The author cornparcs labrum and labium to lXf -(B) 30. Thc word * upper and lower lip mandibles "it" in line 14 refers to (A) pad (B) food (C) maxillae (D) jawb @rousefly lD).rnouth Qucstions 3l-40 Interest is the sum charged for borrowing money for a fixed period of time. Principal is the term used for the money that is borrowed, and the rate of interest is the percent per year of the principal charged for its use. Most of the profits for a bank are derived from the interest that une they charge for the use of their own or their depositors' money. (5) All problems in intercst may be solved by using one general equation that may be srated as follows: Intcrest ' I0) - Principal x Rate xTime Any one of the four quantities-that is, intercst, principal, rat€, or timc-may be found when the otherthree are known. The time is expresscd in years. The rate is exprcssed as a decimal fraction. Thus, 6 percent interest means six cents charged for the use of $l of principal borrowed for one year. Although the time may be less than, equal to, or greater than one year, most applications for loans are for periods of less than one ye r.For purposes of computing interest for short periods, the commercial year or 360 days is commonly used, but when large sums of money are involved, exact interest is computed on the basis of 365 days. IO . l--n r i 31. With ?hil bpic is thir plsglgp pimrdly conccraed? tb (A) Profits (B) Rarc gff1ntaexr '(D) ' Principal institution (C) more than one year (D) 360 days 33. Thc word "fixed" in line I is closest in meaning to 38. The word "periods" in line 12 rcfers to 6h-" loans .6&finite l8) (B) short (C) rcpeated (D) trial (C) applications (D) interest 39. A corrtnrcrcial year is used to compute 34. The word "its" in line 3 refers to (A) exact int,erest (B) intercst on large sums of money (C) interest on a large principal jDf interest for short periods of time Qf,grincipal (B) pcrcent (C) rarc @) interest $l princi- 40. Which of the following is the best definition of interest? (A) Morrcy borrowed (B) Rate x Time (A) Six cents per year (B) Tkcnty-five cents per year V{ fee paid for the use of money t(D) The number of years a bank allows (!f Pour cents pcr year (D) One cent pcr year &ne (5/ 37. Most applications for loans are for lpf less than one year (C) custorncr (D) formula Questions ,@) Atlw (A) one year l,xfamorvrt 35. At 4 percent interest for the use of pal, horr much would one pay? (A) Four (b.oc (cLt...
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  • Winter '16
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