Beatles Notes - u25cf Play=free movement within a system...

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Play=free movement within a system of constraintsConstraints For Musical Style:Cultural (how society using music)Historical (what else going on)Economic (how music-making financed)Technological (instruments, recording, etc)Educational (how do people learn about music) John Lennon + Friends (Quarrymen) 1956-1959 meets McCartney. Teens having fun. 1960-1962: Bar band, George Harrison (Paul’s friend). In Hamburg, UK1963: Beatlemania1964-1966: Touring, international, arrive in New York. International stars. Record + films1966-1970: Got tired of touring, studio recording onlyWhen the external constraints change, play changes, causing style to changeCascade of Musical PlayComposer: elements of musicPlay Results in musical workPerformer: constraints = what above do + stylePlay results in a performanceListener: constraints = what above do + all sorts of associationsPlay results in an experience→ The Beatles were all three! Beatles were very influential→ biggest international megastars at the timeComposers + performers play within own constraints to make music that provides an experience for listenerListening to music→ mental play, formed by tension between:Memories of what you’ve heardExpectations about what you willhearExperience of what you hear from moment to momentMusical meaningThings don’t contain meaning, but rather our experiences of things creates meaning on our minds. Musical meaning: shaped for listener by many kinds of constraintsListeners who share constraints= likely to derive similar meanings. Interp. CommunsThe Beatles DiscographyUK 1962-197012 Studio Albums, 13 EP’s 22 Singles217 songs (incl 4 songs in 2 dif versions and 2 songs in German)-10 hours musicParlophone, then made own company (Apple)US 1963-197013 albums on Capitol + 5 albums on Apple (first 4 albums on Vee-Jay) _________________________________________Monaural (one ear)/Mono Sound Reprod: single channel of sound, coming from 1 source
If >1 speaker, same signal fed to them allStereo=Stereophonic sound: 2 or more independent audio channels____Elements of Music: ComposersMeter & Rhythm: org of sound in time. Beat=reg, steady pulse. Meter: beats org in groups. (Most common: 4, then 3). A grid. Rhythm: patterns of long and short soundsMelody: pitch=specific sound freq, melody=particular pattern of pitchesHarmony: Different pitches sounding at the same timeInstrumentation: which instruments (including voices)Texture: how these instruments go together (unison, for example) Form: repetition (or not) of sectionsLyrics/language1940-1942: The Blitz WWII. Liverpool = bombed often because that’s where US shipped during the war. Many killed. All 4 Beatles were born during the war. Starr and Lennon in 1940, McCartney in 1942, and George Harrison in 1943.

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