Glossary Week 1: Constitutional Monarchy - (Australia is) this means that the head of State is a monarch, or sovereign, who is governed and bound by the Constitution. Democracy - A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives Federal System - A system of government in which power is divided between a national (federal) government and various regional governments House of representatives -The House of Representatives is one of the two houses of Australia's Commonwealth Parliament. There are 150 representatives elected by the Australian people. The House of Representatives is the house in which government is formed Legal Positivism -(the law is the law is the law) Social perspective of a legal rule’s validity being authorized by law and socially accepted versus being based on natural or moral law. View of man- made law as posited by man for man, rather than being fair Liberalism - Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality Liberal Democracy - Liberal democracy is a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of liberalism, i.e. protecting the rights of the individual, which are generally enshrined in law. Liberal Democratic system - Liberal democracy is a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of liberalism, i.e. protecting the rights of the individual. It is characterised by fair, free, and competitive elections between multiple distinct political parties, a separation of powers into different branches of government, the rule of law in everyday life as part of an open society, and the equal protection of human rights, civil rights, civil liberties, and political freedoms for all persons. Mabo - The 1992 decision of the high court of Australia in which it was held that, at common law, on white settlement of Australia in 1788 (Native Tittle Act 1993) -The court case took 10 years of fighting by the Meriam people, and most especially Eddie Mabo. On 3 June, 1992 the high court granted the Meriam people their land rights. This decision overturned the long standing idea of the British that Australia was an unoccupied land (terra nullius). Natural Law - a body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct Parliamentary Democracy - A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament); the executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected. Qld is unicameral - 1 house of representatives, every other state is bicameral Thinkswap Document
Representative Government - Representative Government is a system of government with a law- making body that is at least partly elected by the people.
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