Notes 1.30 - Jan 30 The Repercussions of Agriculture Natufians started agriculture in ~10,000 BCE(ancient near-east Mesopotamia Ancient Egyptian

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Jan 30 The Repercussions of Agriculture Natufians started agriculture in ~10,000 BCE (ancient near-east Mesopotamia) Ancient Egyptian agriculture started in ~8,000 BCE (or 7000-6000 BCE) Not a major subsistent strategy in Egypt until ~5000 BCE Development of states occurs in Mesopotamia / the Levant in ~3300 BCE Egypt unifies into states in 3100 BCE with the first Pharaoh, Narmer Note: agriculture doesn’t = future states Obsidian tools appear in Egypt before 7000 BCE no obsidian nearby, closest found in Anatolia trade networks already established in such a primitive hunter-gatherer society ( very advanced ) Why the shift to agriculture? Likely, the Nile didn’t flood high enough to sustain the people (for some relatively extended period) Solution: Agriculture developed to survive without several flood periods Even after it is very well-established, the Nile failing to flood kills 75% of Egypt’s population, forces government to crumble (later in history)
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course CAMS 020 taught by Professor Matthewadams during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Notes 1.30 - Jan 30 The Repercussions of Agriculture Natufians started agriculture in ~10,000 BCE(ancient near-east Mesopotamia Ancient Egyptian

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