Elizabeth Spiegler and Ciara Gougherty - Cold War Organizations notes - Cold War Organizations \u2022 UN 1945 \u2022 NATO 1949 \u2022 US Security NSC-68 1950 \u2022

Elizabeth Spiegler and Ciara Gougherty - Cold War Organizations notes

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Cold War OrganizationsUN: 1945NATO: 1949US Security / NSC-68: 1950Warsaw Pact: 1955& Tito & Non-Aligned Movement: 1961Institute for Economics and Peace
Key information, terms, people…Significance Re: Cold WarCartoon AnalysisUN- Founded in 1945 following WWII- Goals: provide international law, ensure international security, promote economic development, social progress, human rights and world peace.- Antonio Guterres → next Secretary General of the UN- Headquarters established in NYC- Established a Peacekeeping military- The United Nations played a huge role in preventing any physical combat during the Cold War. - During the Cold War, the USSR exercised the power to veto the most out of the entire Security Council- Peacekeepers were deployed by the United Nations to countries like India, Pakistan, Lebanon, Cyprus, Israel and Syria during the Cold War.- The security council has much more say and power in the UN- The unbalance of power could potentially lead to a collapseNATO- The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was an alliance between multiple countries as an act of self defense against the USSR- The organization was established after WWII to make sure that countries were safe from potential Soviet threat.- The signing of the Washington Treaty finalized the alliance- Was opposed by the Soviet’s Warsaw Pact- NATO made up the non-communist side of the Iron Curtain while the satellite states separated them from the USSR during the Cold War- The Warsaw Pact (collective defensive alliance of Soviet countries in Europe) proved to be NATO’s opposer during the time of the Cold War-NATO claims to be based on upholding democracy but is actually seen as upholding a bureaucracy- Not everyone is happy with the state of NATOWarsaw Pact- Also known as The Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance → was formed in response to the west’s NATO- Integrated military, economic and cultural policy by USSR into the pact- Consisted of Eastern Bloc countries supporting Communism- Soviets used the Warsaw Pact as a way to control their satellite states during the Cold War- The Pact took place as a Soviet-controlled military and provided a way to create policies for the USSR- Used military established by the Warsaw Pact against the NATO army- Countries were stuck in the Warsaw Pact- The alliance in Eastern Europe is deteriorating, countries are trying to leave*Tito-preserved country’s independence → unified the country-created new types of forms of socialism-market socialism → decentralization of the economy-large influence on yugoslavia’s world affairs-democracy is only seen as democracy for those that can afford it

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