Notes 2.13 - Feb 13 Early Dynastic Period Formation of the...

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Feb 13 Early Dynastic Period Formation of the State Three Major cities involved: Hierokonpolis, Naqada, Abydos Hierakonpolis – city of Horus, believed to be the birthplace of Narmer Naqada – hub of cultural activity; burial place of Narmer’s Wife; Seth Abydos – royal cemetery for the first (& a half) dynasties (Pharaohs); Osiris (Wepwawet & Hentj-jmentiu) Naqada – Ombos, “gold town”; direct access ot the Red Sea via the Wadi Hammamat (controlled resources); lies at mouth of Wadi Hammamat; main route to Red Sea and Gold Mines; Contact with Mesopotamia; Excavated by Petrie; Seth = main god Abydos – Head of transit corridor into the Kharaga Oasis; Wepwawet, “Opener of Ways”; Hentj- jmentiu, “foremost of Westerners” = main god; Cemeteries and Temples; Cemeteries Naqaa II – III and 1 st Dynasty; Excavated by Petrie after Amelienu; Later, gods are replaced by Osiris (god of the Underworld) Umm el-Qaab – “mother of pots”; cemetery of the Pharaohs of 1 st dynasty (Narmer to the
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Notes 2.13 - Feb 13 Early Dynastic Period Formation of the...

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