Exam_1_with_key

Exam_1_with_key - EXAMI FORM B Name (required) - - 1) Where...

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Unformatted text preview: EXAMI FORM B Name (required) - - 1) Where is the majority of oil reserves located? 1) Middle East 2) North America 3) South Africa 4) Asia 5) Russia 3) The amount of resources available to a country, divided by that country's population, describes the country's: 1) gross national product (GNP) 2) strategic outlook 3) standard of living 4) debt structure 5) population pyramid 4) Carbon is found in; 1) Atmosphere 5) all of the above 2) Biosphere 6) 1 + 2 ‘ 3) Lithosphere 7) l + 2 + 3 4) Hydrosphere 5) Which of the following statements is/are correct? 1) resource base is larger than rescrves 2) resource is smaller than reserve 3) reserves are always constant 4) resource is larger than reserve 5) 1 + 2 7) 1 + 4 6) 2 + 3 8) 1 + 3 + 4 6) The industrial revolution changed more advance nations from; 1) agricultural to industrial 2) rural to urban 3) machines doing work to humans doing work 4) 1 + 2 5) All of the above 7) The least populated state in the US (1—10) 8) Which of these elements are considered scarce in the earth’s crust: 1) Carbon 6) 1 +3 2) Aluminum 7) l + 2 + 3 3) Gold 8) 2 + 3 4) Iron 9) 3 + 4 5) All of the above 9) The dominant energy source imported to the US. is: 1) crude oil/petroleum 2) natural gas 4) coal 3) nuclear power 5) hydroelectric poWer 10) Ideas included in Sustainability are, 1) Shifting from renewable to non-renewable energy sources 2) Waste reduction instead of waste management 3) Pollution prevention instead of pollution control 4) All of the above 6) 1 +3 S)1+2 7)2+3 11) Over the past 10 years US petroleum production is. . .. 1) Increasing 2) Decreasing 3) Remaining constant 12) Approximately how many people can the earth sustain without degradation of the natural- environment if everyone has the same standard of living as pe0ple in US: . 1) 1 billion 4) 20 billion 2) 2 billion 5) 40 billion 3) 6 billion 13) The Developed Nations have _% of the World population and represent approximately_% of the world’s Wealth. 1) 5, 25 4) 50, 35' 2) 10, 25 5) so, 15 3) 20, 85 6) 99, 15 14) The human population is presently increasing by 1 billion people every __ years (approximately). 1) 5 4) 75 2) 15 5) 100' 3) 50 6) 200 15) US energy independence was described by the president in his recent State of the Union Address. He proposed a 20% reduction-in energy use over the next 10 years by; 1) Using ethanol as a substitute for petroleum 2) Increasing fuel standards for cars and light trucks 3) Switching fiom Coal use to Nuclear Power 4) Increasing US production by 20% 5) all of the above 6) 1 + 2 7) 1 + 2 + 3 8) 1 + 2 + 4 16) Based on today’s technologies, energy efficient alternatives for liquid fuels in automobiles include; 1) Ethanol 4) all of the above 2) Bio-diesel 5) none of the above 3) Electric motors 6) 1 + 2 17) When salt is added to water 1) it always dissolves 2) it never dissolves 3) it may or may not dissolve depending on what is in the water ' 18) Non-renewable resources that are needed to produce ethanol from corn are; ' 1) River water 2) Deep ground water I 3) Soil 6) Phosphorous 4) Petroleum 7) all of the above 5)Nitrogen 8)2+3+4+5+6 19) The US consumes approximately __ barrels of oil per day 1) 200,000 2) 1 million 3) 20 million 4) 8 billion 5) 20 billion 20) Uranium used in a Nuclear power plant is, 1) renewable, metallic resource ‘ 2) renewable, energy resource 3) non-renewable, metallic resource 4) non-renewable, energy resource 5) None of the above 21) Average fuel economy in the US for cars (in mpg) is higher than 1) Japan 2) European Union 4) all cf the above 3) China 5) none of the above 22) The Earth’s atmosphere is dominated by which two gases? 1) oxygen and carbon dioxide. 2) nitrogen and oxygen 3) hydrogen and carbon dioxide 4) oxygen and and argon 5) carbon dioxide and methane 6) carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide 23) Blacksburg was named a cool city because; 1) of the observed low temperatures over the past few weeks 2) of the ratio of bars/ students 3) city officials have agreed to try and reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels 24) Which of the following are considered renewable resources? 1) petroleum 5) all of the above 2) wind 6) l + 4 3) nuclear 7) 2 + 3 4) coal 8) 1 + 3 + 4 25) What is the current rate of natural population increase (births-deaths) in the US? 1) 0.1% 4) 2.5% 2) 0.7% ' 5) 13% 3) 1.3% 6) 33% 26) Water from a river used in the manufacturing of an automobile is a, l) renewable, nonmetallic resource 2) renewable, energy resource 3) non—renewable, nonmetallic resource 4) non-renewable, energy resource 5) None of the above 27) In the quantity (y-axis) versus time (x-axis) graph above, line 1 represents, - 1) Resource growth 3) Reserve replenishment 2) Population growth 4) None of the above 28) The original energy source for renewable resources is: 1) gravity 2) radioactivity within the earth 3) the rotational energy of the earth 4) the sun 5) the oceans 29) Based on classification of resources with similar uses and/or properties, Wood used to build a house would be considered: 1) renewable 2) an energy resource 3) non—renewable 4) a non-metallic resource 5) 1 + 2 6) 1 + 4 7) 3 + 4 30) The environmental problem that is causing the biggest impact and is the root of all other environmental problems, and/ or greatly exacerbates them, is; 1) poverty 2) degradation of habitats 3) extinction of species 4) pollution 5) overpOpulation 6) increasing resource use 31) Exponential growth 1) Remains constant 2) Starts out slowly and remains slow 3) Starts out slowly then becomes very rapid 4) Starts rapidly and remains rapid 32) The World fertility rate over the past 50 years has been; 1) Increasing 2) Decreasing 3) Remaining constant 33) In order for a resource to be considered "renewable" it must be replenished on a time scale equal to or less than: 1) 10 years 2) a human lifetime 3) 1,000 years 4) a million years 5) time is not a factor in determining if a resource is renewable. 34) Country which is predicted to have the largest population in the world in 50 years (From figure above l~10) 35) Modern day transform plate boundaries (for example, San Andreas) are essentially the precursors, of what we see now as: 1) oil deposits 2) gold and silver rich ore deposits 3) iron ores 4) diamond pipes 5) copper and zinc rich ore deposits 6) none of the above 36) The theory of Plate Tectonics explains; 1) the occurrence of earthquakes 2) the occurrence of volcanoes 3) the occurrence of mountains 4) the external proceSSes that concentrate ' resources 5) All of the above 6) 1 + 2 + 3 37) What is the driving force of Plate Tectonics? 1) Conduction 3) Convection 2) Sublimation 4) Solar energy 38) Which sexuage pyramid below is most representative of China: 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 1 2 3 39) Comtieszegions with predicted negative pepulation growth over the next 50 years include; 1) US 6) All of the above 2) Europe ' 7) l + 2 3) Japan "8)1+2+3 4) India , 9) 2 + 3 5) Saudi Arabia 10) 2 + 3 + 5 40) In what century was (is) there a sharp increase in the human population growth rate? 1) 1600’s 4) 1900’s 2) 1700’s 5) 2000’s 3) 1800’s True/Falsc (True -1 / False - 21 41) TranSportation represents more than 50% of the US total energy use ' 42) It takes more water to produce a kilogram of beef than a kilogram of com 43) Our class rated climate change as the most important issue where you as taxpayers would like to see your tax dollars being spent 44) Dr. Chennak is quite confident that he will be winning the $25 million prize for removing CO2 from the atmosphere ‘45) Europeans use approximately half as much energy per capita as Arnericans. 46) Electric Motors have become much more efficient in the last 10 years and this efficiency has translated to a significant reduction in household energy consumption from appliances 47) Aluminum mining in Jamaica is having positive impacts to the vast majority of the villagers impacted 48) If everyone in the US replaced 1 incandescent light bulb with a compact fluorescent bulb the reduction in pollution would be equivalent to removing 1 million cars from the road 49) Shingles that can generate electricity using'solar cells are presently available in the US ' 50) The United States imports approximately 90% of the primary aluminum metal we use 51) Continental rocks are generally more dense (heavier) than oceanic rocks 52) Based on recent scientific data the arctic contains far more undiscovered petroleum than previously estimated 53) The main push for electric vehicles in the US started in California as they attempted to reduce air pollution from automobiles 54) The present population of the US uses more than 80% of the World’s resources ' ’ 55) The replacement fertility rate (RFR) necessary to keep a developed countries population level is 2.5 56) Metamorphic rocks'are formed by internal processes 57) Within the next 10 years in the US, non- renewable energy sources will produce more energy than renewable sources Matching :58-601 58) Is the element we consume as a resource in the greatest amount 59) __ Is the chemical responsible for the deaths of cats on Borneo 60) Is the element that is mainly responsible for the Earth” 3 energy flux 1) Arsenic 6) Cyanide 2) Hydrogen 7) Uranium 3) Oxygen 8) Carbon 4) DDT I 9) Iron 5) Helium 10) Aluminum J@®®®@@Gw@®@®®0Q®®®®®®®®®®0®®®® I@®©@®®@®®®®®®®©®0®®®0®®®®®9@0® H@00@000000000009©00000009°®®00 G®®®®®®®®®®®©6®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®® E D ON THE [BACK OF THiS SHEET. .©©®®®®©©®©0©9©®®®®®©9©®®©©®©®® @©®@@®@©®©®®®®®©®®®®@©®@®®@©®® @®®®@®@®®®00@®®®@00®@®®®®®®@®@ E. ."F. “H in W “T “0 “N mo "MD COURSE REF. cL®®©©©@®@®®®®@©®@©©@®®©©©m7@@@ B@®®®9®®9®©9®®®®®$®®®®®®®$®s©®® a®®©@@®®®®@®®©@@®®sfi@®@®®®®©@@® aMam$33wfl@m&%%%%mn@wyawafiwmwwm 40$@@@®o@@®®®®®@®®©@@@®®0@0@®@0 x@+@@b©o@©@0©0®9@0¢©®@®©®©®®©®® Heao0909000090000®®000090000099 @©®@®@®®@oG®¢®@®®®®®®@®®®@®®®®®®®®®®®®®®® ._o©®o®®©@©®6©®0©00®©©®®0®®©®® .e®®©®®©®®®®0®0@9@®®0®®@®@0®®@ a®@®0®0®0@c@fl$®®®®©©®©©®©©®®®®©©®®®®©®®®© @®®®®0®0@B®;@® ®®®@®® @®®®®®©@®® ®®@9®@®0®A@% ® ®®®®® ®®®®®®G®®® ©®®®®©®0© 1+ 4.57399d mfifingwnmwm ...
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Exam_1_with_key - EXAMI FORM B Name (required) - - 1) Where...

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