2\/14 - Civil War Review https\/slideplayer.com\/slide\/6888158 Eli Whitney-invented the cotton gin which takes the seeds out of the cotton Southern

2/14 - Civil War Review...

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Civil War Review: Eli Whitney-invented the cotton gin, which takes the seeds out of the cottonSouthern DemographicsMost whites did not own slavesOnly ¼ of whites owned slaves or were members of slave-owning familiesIn only 2 states slaves outnumbered whites--South Carolina and Mississippi (in Brazil, Cuba, and Jamaica slaves outnumbered whites)Missouri CompromiseMIssouri wanted to apply to become a state, but it would upset the balance of free and slave statesMaine became a free state and Missouri became a slave stateTexas Independence1821-Mexican Independence from Spain1820s US offered to purchase Texas from Mexico twice1824 Mexican colonization lawAmericans (Stephen Austin, etc.) become powerful; compete with Mexican government1830 Mexico bars American immigration, but they keep coming1834-General Santa Anna=dictator3/1/1836-Texans declare independence from Mexico3/6/1836-americans were forced to retreat to the Alamo4/21/36- Battle of San Jacinto--American victorySanta Anna signs treaty granting Texas independence Election of 1840Martin van Buren-wins in 1836 (democratic)Runs against William Henry Harrison (whigs) and wins the 1840 election John Tyler is the VP for WIlliam Henry Harrison An Independent TexasPresident Sam Houston requests statehoodJackson refuses, fearing controversy of a large new slave stateEngland/France form ties with Texas in hopes of stemming growth of US, they were worried about US growing too big, wanted Texas to remain independent 1944: President Tyler persuades Texas to apply for statehood, northern senators refuse1845: statehood finally approved. Congress saw Polk’s election as mandate for Texas statehood. Polk accomplished this through the annexationof Texasin 1845, the negotiation of the Oregon Treaty with Great Britain in 1846, and the conclusion of the Mexican-American War in 1848, which ended with the signing and ratification of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848, texas became a slave stateElection of 1844James K Polk-democratic (dark horse candidate) -won it 50°40’ or FIGHTHenry Clay-whigsGoals of Polk’s Administration
Lower the tariffResolve the Oregon boundary disputeRestore the independent treasuryAcquire californiaManifest Destiny Democrats were more pro manifest destinybelief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justifiedand inevitable--destined by GodProblem: Mexicans owned the land they wanted and they owed debts to the USMexico still hoped to regain TexasCongress annexed Texas (make it become a state) Texans are worried that Mexico will be upset. Texas agreed if they would add the land extending to the Rio GrandeMexico is very unhappyBreaks relations with Washington in 1845Americans try to provoke Mexico to invadeWar declared: May 13, 1846 because Mexico had “invaded” Congress declares war not the President

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