Theories of Counseling Chart As you progress through this course, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory. As you review the theories each week, complete the “Enter text here” box sections of this chart. You will work on this chart throughout the course. You will be able to refer to this personalized chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and beyond. List of Theories Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy. Adlerian Theory. Existential Therapy. Gestalt Therapy. Person-Centered Therapy. Behavioral Therapy. Cognitive Therapy. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). Reality Therapy. Feminist Therapy. Complementary and Alternative Therapies. Narrative Therapy. Solution-Focused Therapy. Family Systems. Integrative Therapy. 1
Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy
Key Concepts What are some of the keypropositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning? Making the unconscious conscious Looking at the past and the linkage Theory of Change Clients come to understand the association between their past experiences and their current behavior. InterventionsWhat techniques does the counselor use to helpbring about change? Dream analysisWho Is in Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor?What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction? Web ResourcesWho uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more? Psychotherapy.netScholarly Articles, Books, and Resources onthe TheoryWhat are some good references that I may want to refer to in the future?Psychodynamic Group Psychotherapy (Rutan, Stone, & Shay, 2014) Brief Dynamic Therapy (Levenson, 2010) Psychodynamic Psychiatry in Clinical Practice (Gabbard, 2005)
Key Concepts What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? Focuses on conscious factors Adler believed people were influenced by family but not shackled by past events. Interested in past to inform present Theory of Change How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning? Therapy thought as a 4 fold process: 1. Relationship - equality 2. Assessment – lifestyle assessment 3. Insight – “insight needs to be translated into action 4. Reorientation/ Reeducation – action to make change Interventions
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