Chapter 1 - Objectives AN OVERVIEW OF ASSESSMENT IN EARLY...

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1/17/18 1 AN OVERVIEW OF ASSESSMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CDFS 315 Objectives Explain the purposes of assessment in early childhood Describe the history of tests and measurements in early childhood Discuss issues and trends in assessing all young children What is assessment? “Assessment is the process of gathering information about children from several forms of evidence, than organizing and interpreting the information” ( McAfee, Leong, & Bodrova, 2004, p.3) Children are measured before birth with assessment of fetal growth and development At birth and through infancy and early childhood, children are measured and evaluated on growth and development, through medical examinations Children are measured by observation of development milestones Assessment levels much be matched to a child’s mental, social, and physical development Assessment can have different meanings with different age groups Purpose of assessment Assessment is used for various purposes Evaluation Asses a young child’s development overall or specific developmental domains Diagnosis Identify developmental delay or cause of poor performance Placement Provide special services Program planning Assessment results can be used to evaluate intervention program/services Research To better understand behavior and appropriateness of provided experiences
1/17/18 2 The History of Tests and Measurements in Early Childhood The Child Study Movement Charles Darwin suggested that studying the development of an infant one could glimpse the development of the human species and initiated the scientific study of the child G. Stanley Hall established a major center for child study Laboratory schools and nursey schools were used to observe children in group settings, and could include the family to broaden the understanding of child development The hundreds of children studied lead to an abundance of literature and taught us how to use observation and other strategies to assess the child Today-brain research has opened a new perspective of the nature of cognitive development and the importance of the early years for optimum development and later learning Standardized Tests Public schools developed tests to determine the level and pace of instruction and the grouping of students First efforts were informal-psychologist, researcher, or physician developed a procedure to meet those needs Precise measurements were then developed to evaluate learning-by 1918 there were

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