Take out HW: Notes on EisenhowerWRITE: What was the Cold War? How and when did it begin? Explain THREE Examples of heightened tensions during Truman and/or Eisenhower’s presidencies. What was containment? Explain ONE Example of successful containment and ONE example of its failure.
Tonight’s HW•Read/take notes AMSCO Chapter 28 – JFK STOP AT Lydon Johnson’s Great Society•Read/take notes Following FRQ – see next slide – LAST ESSAY
2003 FRQ•Read THIRD Essay – Letter I – High •ap03_us_history_q5_28225.pdf
3. DBQ Essay – Complete At Home•Due Monday, March 19 – gives you two weekends to complete You have TWO choices – pick one
Did You See Mr. Betts Class Yet?
Today’s Objective•Friday we looked at the Second Red Scare and era of McCarthyism.•Today we’ll begin to look at Eisenhower’s presidency – specifically his impact at home, in Indochina and the Middle East and 1950s culture.•Tomorrow, we’ll look at US/Soviet relations under the next president, Kennedy.
1952 Election•landslide election•Eisenhower - Republican- first Republican since Hoover•retired US Army general•ended 20 years of Democratic control of the presidency •a conservative reaction in America
Under Eisenhower•Korean War peace is negotiated in 1953•post WWII baby boom reached its highest point.•National Aeronautics and Space Administration was founded (NASA•Extended Social Security to more people – 10 million more citizens •Raised minimum wage•Built additional public housing
Interstate Highway Act - 1956•Used Federal money to build highways•building the Interstate Highway System•42,000 miles of interstate highways linking all nation’s major cities •US highway system became a model for the world•Claimed improve national defense
Impact•Public works program created jobs, promoted trucking industry, growth of suburbs and a more homogenous [one] national culture•Emphasis on cars, trucks, and highways•Hurt railroad industry/Railroads declined further•Little attention paid to public transportation – old and poor depended on•Growth of suburbs
1950s Prosperity•Income tripled 1945-1960•Twice the income of average American in 1920s•Postwar economy gave Americans highest standard of living in the world
Reelected in 1956•Four years of peace and prosperity•Ike more popular than ever•Won by even greater margin than in 1952•Democrats took control of both houses of Congress
Eisenhower & The Cold War•Appointed JohnFoster Dulles as Secretary of State until 1959 •Helped shape US foreign policy throughout Eisenhower’s presidency