PSY 13 Notes Test 1

PSY 13 Notes Test 1 - Social Psychology 1 of 31 Thinking...

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Unformatted text preview: Social Psychology 1 of 31 Thinking About People o Usually in terms of disposition or personality o Tend to think of personality types that are consistent across context Power of the Situation o Social psychologists focus on this o Is personality always stable across contexts? o How do situational factors influence our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors? o Why do we often fail to recognize these factors? Situational Questions o What situational factors affect our perception of people? o Why do we think and behave differently in groups then when were alone? o When are we likely to help others and to hurt others? Social psychology is o Familiar o Everywhere o Scientific Research Methods 2 of 31 Why learn about methods? Outline o Correlational research o Experimental research Variable Definitions o Conceptual definition : whats the general topic of interest? CONCEPTS. Ex: aggression, prejudice, helping behavior o Operational definition : How do we measre braod concepts in this study? Ex: aggression = number of punches Correlational Research o Looks at simple relationship between two variables o Researcher measures two variables to see if theyre related o Just need two variables that can be measured o Ex: Is there a relationship between academic performance and self esteem? To measure this, we look at two variables: GPA and SE scale score o C o r r e l a t i o n C o e f f i c i e n t s t relationship between variables Ranges from -1 to 1 Usually represented by r Positive r when best fit line has a positive slope, same for negative Positive means that variables move together. Negative means they vary inversely F u r t h e r r i s f r o m 0 , s t r o n g e r t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p b variables o Advatages to correlational research Anything you can measure, you can correlate Data come from ____ o Disadvantages to correlational research Correlation DOES NOT equal causation Tells us nothing about cause and effect All we know is that X and Y are somehow related Ex: GPA and SE There are at least 3 possible causal relationships 1) doing well in school gives you high SE 2) Having a high SE makes you do well in school 3) Having supportive parents makes you do well in schoo and have high SE Experimental Research MANIPULATION AND RANDOM ASSIGNMENT o These DO tell us about cause and effect o How?...
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2008 for the course PSY 13 taught by Professor Sommers during the Spring '06 term at Tufts.

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PSY 13 Notes Test 1 - Social Psychology 1 of 31 Thinking...

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