Identifying barriers to Muslim integration in France Authors(s): Claire L. Adida, David D. Laitin and Marie-Anne Valfort Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , Vol. 107, No. 52 (December 28, 2010), pp. 22384-22390 Published by: National Academy of Sciences Stable URL: Accessed: 24-03-2016 18:59 UTC Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact [email protected] National Academy of Sciences is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America This content downloaded from 188.8.131.52 on Thu, 24 Mar 2016 18:59:20 UTC All use subject to
Identifying barriers to Muslim integration in France Claire L Adidaa, David D. Laitinb'\ and Marie-Anne Valfortc aDepartment of Political Science, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0521; department of Political Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-6044; and department of Economics, Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne University, 75647 Paris Cedex 13, France This contribution is part of the special series of Inaugural Articles by members of the National Academy of Sciences elected in 2007. Contributed by David D. Laitin, October 20, 2010 (sent for review May 21, 2010) Is there a Muslim disadvantage in economic integration for second generation immigrants to Europe? Previous research has failed to isolate the effect that religion may have on an immigrant family's labor market opportunities because other factors, such as country of origin or race, confound the result. This paper uses a correspondence test in the French labor market to identify and measure this religious effect. The results confirm that in the French labor market anti Muslim discrimination exists: a Muslim candidate is 2.5 times less likely to receive a job interview callback than is his or her Christian counterpart. A high-n survey reveals, consistent with expectations from the correspondence test that second-generation Muslim households in France have lower income compared with matched Christian households. The paper thereby contributes to both sub stantive debates on the Muslim experience in Europe and method ological debates on how to measure discrimination. Following the National Academy of Sciences' 2001 recommendations on combin ing a variety of methodologies and applying them to real-world situations, this research identifies, measures, and infers consequen ces of discrimination based on religious affiliation, controlling for potentially confounding factors, such as race and country of origin.
Want to read all 8 pages?
Want to read all 8 pages?
- Winter '17