Billington 1 Makena Billington Mahoney Period 2 US History Pro Atomic Bomb On September 1 st , 1945 the agonizing and tolling war of the Pacific and World War II had finally come to an end. This end was created by the signing of the Potsdam Declaration by the Japanese Emperor, Hirohito (United States Department of Defense). The Potsdam Declaration gave the people of Japan rights of a democracy. They were given freedom of speech, religion, government, will, and were surrendered all armed forces (Potsdam Declaration). It states in the Potsdam Declaration that the United States called upon Japan to agree to the terms of the Declaration or, “[the] alternative for Japan [was] prompt and utter destruction” (Potsdam Declaration). The significance of unconditional surrender and the reason that the United States would not compromise with the Japanese is that they did not want the Japanese to rebuild their forces or militarism and cause a third World War. When the first Atomic bomb was dropped by the United States on Hiroshima, Japan on August 6 th , 1945, approximately 70,000 Japanese civilians and military members were killed. Japan had invaded Manchuria during World War II so this is where the next attack from the Soviet Union was targeted. Finally, a second atomic bomb was dropped by the United States a day later on Nagasaki, Japan killing 40,000 civilians. After these three events, because the people of Japan tried to overthrow the Emperor, the Japanese
Billington 2 government reluctantly signed the surrender document. Had the United States government never agreed to drop the atomic bomb on Japan, the outcome and casualties of the war would have caused more deaths for both sides, and the war could have gone on for much longer. However tragic loss of life may be, the Allied and Axis sides of the World War throughout the course of it had each lost many lives, the Allies in particular lost millions of lives(Hamby). The United States government was justified in using the atomic bomb to facilitate the end of World War II because they prevented an elongated war, reduced the amount of lives that would have been lost at war, and made it so that Japan couldn’t make war again. The United States government was justified in the use of the atomic bomb because it prevented even the slightest possibility of Japan rebuilding their forces and starting a third World War. Even before the bombings some Japanese representatives had proposed surrender. However, through the United States interception of communication between these representatives and Tokyo, this surrender was very compromised. Through intercepting and decoding conversations between the Japanese America was able to find, “ These conditions probably would require, at a minimum, that the Japanese home islands remain unoccupied by foreign forces and even [would] allow Japan to retain some of its wartime conquests in East Asia” ( ).
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