_cf_theories_counseling_chart.doc - Theories of Counseling...

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Theories of Counseling ChartAs you progress through this course, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory. As you review the theories each week, complete the “Enter text here” box sections of this chart. You will work on this chart throughout the course. You will be able to refer to this personalized chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and beyond.List of Theories Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy.Adlerian Theory.Existential Therapy.Gestalt Therapy.Person-Centered Therapy.Behavioral Therapy.Cognitive Therapy.Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT).Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).Reality Therapy.Feminist Therapy.Complementary and Alternative Therapies.Narrative Therapy.Solution-Focused Therapy.Family Systems.Integrative Therapy.1
Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy
Key ConceptsWhat are some of the keypropositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? View of human nature-deterministic, irrational forces, unconscious motivations, instinctual drivesPersonality -id (untamed drive), Ego (organize & meditate) Superego (internalized social component, parental figures, moral code)Focus on unconsciousnessEgo Defense Mechanisms- used to cope w/anxiety, deny or distort reality; operate onunconscious levelPsychosexual stages of development-oral, anal, phallic; need not met then fixated stageProblems arise from conflict b/t id, ego, & superego anxiety defense mechanisms; focus on early childhood experiences, unresolved conflicts or fixated at stage.Theory of ChangeHow can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?*Increased adaptive function-decreased symptoms & resolution of conflicts*Make unconscious conscious*Strengthen ego*Client’s need to commit to intensive & long-term process*Clients must loosen defense mechanismInterventionsWhat techniques does the counselor use to helpbring about change? Free associations-Clients encouraged to say what come to mind, whether painful, silly, illogical, irrelevant; unconscious mind, therapist look for repressed material.Dream Analysis-uncovered unconscious material & providing client w/insight to some areas of unresolved problemsResistance-Anything preventing a client fromuncovering previously unconscious material;analysis & interpret resistanceTransference-Client makes projections onto Who Is in Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor?

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