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Running Head: Diabetes and Drug Treatments1Jane DoeNURS 6521 Advanced PharmacologyWeek 6 AssignmentWalden UniversityJanuary 6, 2019
Diabetes and Drug Treatments2IntroductionDiabetes is a disorder that is associated with the blood sugar or blood glucose being too high. Approximately 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 percent of the population, had diabetes. More than 1 in 4 of them didn’t know they had the disease. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 90-95 percent of cases in adults is type 2 diabetes (The NationalInstitute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 2016). According to Arcangelo & Peterson (2017), hyperglycemia is caused by a result of insulin deficiency or by cellular resistance to the effects of insulin in the body. In this paper, I will be discussing the three major classifications of diabetes, Type 1, type 2 and Gestational diabetes and Juvenile diabetes with an emphasis on Type 2 diabetes and its treatment. PathophysiologyType 1 diabetes used to be considered the same as juvenile diabetes, however, now it is only called type 1 as it can occur at any age. In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas aredamaged causing insulin absence. According to Babu & Eisenbarth (2012), diabetes type can be distinguished by either the presence or the absence of the islets. Since the islets are infiltrated, the reserve of insulin steadily keeps on decreasing until it can no longer maintain a healthy bloodsugar level.
Diabetes and Drug Treatments3Type 2 diabetes involves the body's resistance to insulin, unlike Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is considered a multifactorial disorder as it affects different body systems. Various