Exam 2.docx - Exam 2 Intellectual Disabilities(6.7 IDEA definition Three criteria of diagnosis o Significant subaverage intellectual functioning is a

Exam 2.docx - Exam 2 Intellectual Disabilities(6.7 IDEA...

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Exam 2 Intellectual Disabilities (6.7%) - IDEA definition- Three criteria of diagnosis o Significant subaverage intellectual functioning is a score of two or more standard deviations below the mean on standardized intelligence tests o An individual must also have significant difficulty with tasks of everyday living or adaptive behavior o The deficits must occur during the developmental period to help distinguish intellectual disabilities from other disabilities - AAIDD Definition o Intellectual disability is characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. The disability originates before age 18 o Five assumptions essential to applying the AAIDD definition Limitations in present functioning must be considered within the context of community environments typical of the individual’s age peers and culture Valid assessment considers cultural and linguist differences Within the individual, limitations often coexist with strengths The purpose of describing limitations is to develop a profile of needed supports With appropriate personalized supports over a sustained period, the life functioning of the person with intellectual disability generally will improve o Supports are defined as “recourses and strategies that aim to promote the development, education, interests, and personal well-being of a person and that enhance individual functioning.” - Classification of intellectual disabilities o Classification by the degree or level of intellectual impairment as measured by IQ test scares Mild: 50-55 to 70 Moderate: 35-40 to 50-55 Severe: 20-25 to 35-40 Profound: below 20-25 - Identification and assessment o Standardized IQ tests are used to assess intelligence Administered by a school psychologist or other trained professionals WSIC-R o Important considerations of IQ tests: IQ is a hypothetical construct IQ tests measures only how a child performs at one point in time on the items included on the test IQ tests can be culturally biased
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IQ scores can change significantly IQ testing is not an exact science An IQ scare should not be used to determine IEP objectives An IQ scare should never be used as the sole basis for making decisions regarding special education services - Assessing adaptive behavior o Adaptive behavior is “the collection of conceptual, social, and practical skills that have been learned by people in order to function in their everyday lives.” Conceptual Academics Money skills Social Hold a conversation Greeting people Manners Making people feel comfortable Social cues Eye contact Practical General hygiene Cooking Getting dressed Health (exercise) Vocational skills (work) Transportation Using money o The adaptive skills exhibited by a person with ID are critical factors in
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