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Gene Modification Babies Debate.docx - Constructive Speech:...

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Constructive Speech:Although gene modification might sound appealing–– to cure incurable diseases, the risksoutweigh the potential benefits it can bring. To begin with, science isn't perfect and thereforethere will always be mistakes being made due to natural human error, which can lead toconsequences seen in future generations as stated in an article by Nelson A. Wibel and LeroyWalters. There is no certain way to predict side effects that can become present when geneticallymodifying a human being. Most new medical advances are tested on animals to make sure theyare safe for human beings, gene modification is an entirely different story. According to RebeccaDresser, animals can only help improve techniques of gene modifications but it is impossible foranimals to provide us with the effects of modifying the genes. The effects of gene modificationcan only be shown through studying human beings themselves, which raises a question onethical barriers.Secondly, developing and implementing the gene modification technology are extremelycostly, but its effectiveness can be very limited. According to Das et al, since the editing processis costly, families will be charged heavily for re-engineering embryonic genome, restricting thetechnology to the financially stable class of the society. Instead of investing money on anexpensive technology, the money would be better invested in helping people with medicalconditions who cannot afford the medical treatments we already have today. With the technologywe have today, parents can have their children unaffected by potential inherited disease with theuse different medications that would treat if not cure the disease. Helping such people would beassisting more patients versus genetic modification which would cost so much for anunpromising result and in theory only help the 2% of people born with genetic diseases.Moreover, gene modification would worsen the already existing racial or genderdiscrimination and income inequality, both medically and eugenically. It is almost impossible todraw the distinction between a medical and enhancement purpose for gene modification. Even ifthe policy sets the limitation on medical uses only, there could still be chances for escaping fromregulatory limits to adopt enhancement purposes. According to Mark C. Johnson, the slipperyslope argument is that germline therapy would inevitably lead to genetic enhancement ofcharacteristics like picking more physically attributes that would enhance their physicalperformance such as being tall, and/or mental abilities. That could lead to poverty trap, as thepoor are not able to afford such technology to enhance their overall ability, therefore not evenstanding for a chance to compete with the rich who now even have the access to geneticsuperiority. Also, since our society is structured in a way which favors some genetic traits thanothers, for instance lighter skin and lighter eyes, more babies will be modified to cater to that

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