example, in one study, people like artists, writers, and musicians had twice the rate of serious
depression than in other fields (Kramlinger 7).
A depressive illness is usually characterized by four things. First, it generally lasts at least
two weeks, although it usually lasts longer (Kroenke 528). Second, those who are affected
exhibit specific symptoms related to mood, behavior, thinking, and outlook on life. Third,
depression impairs one’s ability to function on a daily basis. Finally, a depressive disorder
requires medical and/or psychological treatment (Kramlinger 5).
Moreover, depression presents itself in four major ways. It first presents itself in mood
changes, characterized by a depressed mood, in addition to feelings of sadness, helplessness, and
hopelessness. Also, crying spells are normal, as well as feeling bored, irritable, or annoyed. Next,
cognitive changes can be seen in depression, such as interference with one’s memory and
thought process, like having trouble concentrating or making decisions (Kroenke 528). Also, one
might notice physical changes in someone who is depressed. These could include sleeping and
eating habits, diminished sex drive, and loss of energy (Kroenke 528). Last, depression can be
seen in behavior changes. For example, one may withdraw from people, neglect their