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Bhole 1Mohit Bholemrb170330Alexandra BalasaRHET 1302.019Research PaperA significant reduction in Red Meat Consumption will reduce your Carbon FootprintPlant and animal farming continue to be one of the world’s major source of greenhouse gases emissions. Of the two, however, animal farming is by far the largest contributor almost completely overshadowing the plant farming industry. With standing populations of cattle estimated to be around 1.43 billion, 1.87 billion sheep and goats, 0.98 billion pigs, many studies have been done to analyze the social, environmental and economic aspects of having such an enormous number of ruminant population. The studies all suggest that animal farming especially, leaves a heavy environmental impact, and that going vegan is the best way for an individual to reduce their carbon footprint. Understandably, most people aren’t willing to make such a drastic dietary change, however there is still another way to make a very significant impact on reducing your contribution to global warming. Simply by cutting down lamb, beef andpork consumption both the impact we have on global warming and the issue of water scarcity can be greatly reduced.
Bhole 2In recent decades, the world food economy has seen a shift towards increased consumption of animal-source foods. In developing countries, the meat and dairy sectors have grown at average yearly rates of 5.1 percent and 3.6 percent respectively since 1970. (Alexandratos N, 75) This growth can be particularly seen in Brazil and China, and per capita consumption of animal-source foods is projected to keep increasing over the next few years. This expansion of dairy and meat consumption is fueled by a growth in demand in urban centers, and while it may bring economic opportunities such as jobs, the negative environmental and social impact on the area outweighs any potential benefits. The growing livestock puts increased load on natural resources like water and livestock feed (grass and plants), which leads to scarcity of water and flattening of grasslands to feed them. Not just that, but “In Latin America, especially in rainforest areas that are home to thousands of plant and animal species, commercial agriculture has clear cut about two-thirds of forest. Similarly, agriculture is responsible for deforestation in tropical Asia, as well as Africa.” (“This Is How Animal Agriculture Causes Deforestation.”) Out of this land used for commercial agriculture, twenty-six percent of the Planet’s ice-free land is used for livestock grazing and 33 percent of croplands are used for livestock feed production.Considering all this, it is clear that the issue of animal agriculture’s environmental impact has to be addressed too, and it will take individual action to make a change.
Bhole 3All food products and raw materials have a certain amount of greenhouse gas emissions,water use and land use associated with them. Plants and animals need water, nutrition and land