US History District Exam Study Guide - Abby Trethaway P2 T\/Th 19 December 2017 US History District Exam Study Guide Unit 1 Settling the Americas How did

US History District Exam Study Guide - Abby Trethaway P2...

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Abby Trethaway P2 T/Th 19 December 2017 US History District Exam Study Guide Unit 1: Settling the Americas How did the first people come to America? The first Americans came from Asia, and got here by crossing a land bridge that is now known as the Bering Strait. When did the first Americans arrive in America? Over 40,000 years ago. Who did Columbus claim lands for? Spain Why did Columbus call the Native Americans “Indians”? He thought he was in India. Why would Europeans want to come to the New World? The ability to gain more land and new resources for trade. Where did the Aztecs live? What did the Agricultural Revolution in North America lead to? The ability to create large permanent colonies. Which Arizona tribe created a system of canals that is still in use in the Phoenix area today? The Hohokam Tribe of Arizona
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Who did Columbus claim the New World for? Spain What did the Europeans bring that had the most negative impact on the natives? Disease What was the Columbian Exchange? Large trading agreements between the New World and Spain (Old World). What was the encomienda system? What was indentured servitude? What was the first permanent English settlement in North America? Jamestown Which Jamestown colonist said “He that will not work, shall not eat”? John Smith What was the biggest moneymaker in the early colonies and the reason there was a high demand for laborers in Southern Colonies? Tobacco What religious group believed that every worshipper should experience God directly through faith, prayer, and study of the Bible and believed they were to be the “light on the hill” for the rest of the world? What colony did the Puritans set up? Massachusetts
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Which colony was set up as a refuge for Quakers? Pennsylvania Why did the Pilgrims leave Great Britain? Religious Freedom What was the Mayflower Compact? A ‘temporary’ government authoritative agreement made among the Pilgrims. What was the economy of the southern colonies based on? Cash crop such as tobacco, or cotton, and had more slaves than the North. Why were there fewer slaves in the northern colonies? The crops were less labor intensive in the North. Explain mercantilism. Tensions Mount Who was the French and Indian War between? What was it about? The British and the French & Indians. It was about land and who rightfully owned it. How did the British pay for the French and Indian War? Taxing the colonists What was the Great Awakening? Religious revival in the 1740s to the 1750s. Which group led the Boston Tea Party? The Sons of Liberty The Tea Act of 1773 gave who an unfair advantage? East India Tea Company
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What was the Proclamation of 1763? Why were the colonists angry about it?
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