US History Final Exam Study Guide - Abby Trethaway P2 T\/Th 19 December 2017 US History Final Exam Study Guide Unit 1 Settling the Americas \u25cf How did

US History Final Exam Study Guide - Abby Trethaway P2 T/Th...

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Abby Trethaway P2 T/Th 19 December 2017 US History Final Exam Study Guide Unit 1 Settling the Americas How did the first people come to America? Asia, by bering land bridge When did the first Americans arrive in America? About 40,000 years ago Who did Columbus claim lands for? Spain Why did Columbus call the Native Americans “Indians”? He thought he had sailed to India Why would Europeans want to come to the New World? To pursue a new life of freedom Where did the Aztecs live? Mexico What did the Agricultural Revolution in North America lead to? Permanent colonies through new farming techniques and increase in food production Which Arizona tribe created a system of canals that is still used in the Phoenix area today? Hohokam Who did Columbus claim the New World for? Spain What did the Europeans bring that had the most negative impact on the native? Disease, measles, chickenpox, mumps, and smallpox What was the Columbian Exchange? The transfer of living things/products between the new world and the old world What was the encomienda system? Spain’s labor system What was indentured servitude? A system of unfree labor where a person is bound by a contract to work for someone else in return for something else. What was the first permanent English settlement in North America? Jamestown Which Jamestown colonist said “He that will not work, shall not eat”? John Smith
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Which was the biggest moneymaker in the early colonies and the reason there was a high demand for laborers in Southern Colonies? Tobacco What religious group believed that every worshipper should experience God directly through faith, prayer, and study of the Bible and believed they were to be the “light on the hill” for the rest of the world? The Puritans What colony did the Puritans set up? Massachusetts Bay Colony Which colony was set up as a refuge for Quakers? Pennsylvania Why did the Pilgrims leave Great Britain? For religious freedom What was the Mayflower Compact? The first agreement for a self governed community to be made What was the economy of the Southern colonies based on? Agriculture Why were there fewer slaves in the Northern Colonies? There was less agricultural labor Explain mercantilism. A national economic policy designed to maximize the trade of a nation and, historically, to maximize the accumulation of gold and silver Tensions Mount Who was the French and Indian War between? What was it about? North American conflict in larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the 7 year war How did the British pay for the French and Indian War?
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