US History Unit 2 Study Guide New Nation Notes: 1. Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison 2. When power is divided between federal government and state and local governments. 3. The system that ensures that too much power is granted to one part of the government. 4. The separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers in the government. 5. Plan written by William Patterson that said representation should be equal in every state, and was favored by small states, with low population. 6. Plan was written by James Madison, and said that states should get representation based off of population. This plan was favored by states with large population. 7. Plan that combined both the New Jersey and Virginia Plans. Stated that representation in the Senate would be equal while representation in the House of Reps would be based on population 8. Compromise that stated slaves would count as of a person for both representation and ⅗ taxation 9. Federalists were for ratification of the Constitution as it was and did not think a bill of rights was necessary, while Anti-Federalists thought federal government was too powerful, and felt the need for the bill of rights.
- Fall '19
- War Of 1812, John Quincy Adams